Edexcel GCSE Music- Symphony No. 40

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  • Created on: 19-06-11 17:09
Preview of Edexcel GCSE Music- Symphony No. 40

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1788 Mozart - 1st Movement from
Symphony No. 40
Style and period Classical period 1750-1830:
Simple melodies
Focus on keys to develop structure
Balanced structures
Melody dominated texture
Balanced phrasing
Diatonic harmonies
More frequent use of crescendos and
diminuendos
Replacement of harpsichord with piano
The piece is a symphony which:
Have four movements
Are written for an orchestra
Melody There are 2 subjects which are repeated and
developed.
1st subject
Repeated frantic melody
Answered by stepwise descending
melody
First section is repeated again but
down a step (Sequence)
2nd subject
Chromatic scale is used with
descending semitones
The mood of this subject is more
melancholy and calmer because of
sighing motifs and chromatic scale
Dynamics First subject: quiet, apart from loud cadential
section in middle. (bar 16 -->)
Transition: Loud
Second subject: starts quietly but builds in
volume towards end.
Closing section: contrasts of loud and soft
dynamics.
Development: begins and ends quietly with
loud section in the middle.
Recapitulation: same as exposition however
the loud transition section is longer.
The piece also contains crescendos and some
accents
Tempo Molto allegro (very fast)

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Rhythm Repeated quaver, quaver , crotchet pattern
Upbeats in the 1st subject - anacrusis
Metre 4/4 ­ simple quadruple time
No changes in metre
8 bar regular phrasing
Structure Sonata form:
Exposition (G Minor) then modulates to
relative Major: B flat major for the
transition, second subject and closing
codetta.
o 1st subject- Tonic
o Bridge- Modulating
o 2nd subject- related
o Codetta
Development- based on first subject and
modulates widely exploring different
related keys using the circle of fifths.…read more

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Viola
Double bass
Texture Mostly homophonic.
Frequent use of melody with accompaniment.
Development section has an important
counterpoint section- contrapuntal section.
Octave doubling of melodies is often used
(violins 1-16); the start of the second subject is
divided in dialogue between woodwind and
violins.…read more

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