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1788 Mozart - 1st Movement from
Symphony No. 40
Style and period Classical period 1750-1830:
Simple melodies
Focus on keys to develop structure
Balanced structures
Melody dominated texture
Balanced phrasing
Diatonic harmonies
More frequent use of crescendos and
Replacement of harpsichord with piano

The piece is a symphony which:…

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Rhythm Repeated quaver, quaver , crotchet pattern
Upbeats in the 1st subject - anacrusis
Metre 4/4 ­ simple quadruple time
No changes in metre
8 bar regular phrasing
Structure Sonata form:
Exposition (G Minor) then modulates to
relative Major: B flat major for the
transition, second subject and closing

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Double bass

Texture Mostly homophonic.
Frequent use of melody with accompaniment.
Development section has an important
counterpoint section- contrapuntal section.
Octave doubling of melodies is often used
(violins 1-16); the start of the second subject is
divided in dialogue between woodwind and
Melody dominated homophony


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