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Page 1

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Set work 1: Handel. 'And the Glory of the Lord'

Style and period Baroque era (c.1600-1750)
Features:
· ornamented melodic parts
· establishment of the
major/minor key system
(replaced modes)
· use of the diatonic chords of I,
IV, V, II and VI
· 'basso continuo'
· different musical textures,…

Page 2

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· The aria:
essentially a solo song
which often reflects on a
mood or emotion
much more elaborate music
to display the vocal qualities
and expertise of the singer
· Chorus
Aria leads directly into the
first main chorus
the chorus has the function
of summing up the action of…

Page 3

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· Oboes and clarinets added later
· The harpsichord, cello and
double bass form the basso
continuo
· Strings double voices
· All instruments have a modest
range
· Orchestra intro and links occur
Context · The church had forbidden
biblical stories to be acted out
in the theatre, so…

Page 4

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Set work 2: Mozart - 1st movement from Symphony No. 40

Style and period · The Classical Era
(c.1750-1830)
· Features:
Restrained style
Simplicity
Clarity
Regularly phrased melodic
line
Balance
Tonal music
Melody-dominated texture
(homophony)
musical structures used
always had a sense of
symmetry and balance
(e.g. sonata form)
structures…

Page 5

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duriing this period and the
harpsichord became
redundant
new instrumental musical
genres emerged during the
classical period (e.g.
sonata for solo
instruments, concerto,
symphony , string quartet)
Melody · 1st subject ­ repeated falling
semitone, arch-shaped,
motivic (use of motifs)
· Bridge ­ triadic and use of
sequences
· 2nd…

Page 6

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Metre · Simple quadruple time (4/4)
Structure · Sonata form
· No introduction ­ three beats
and in
· Exposition - 1st subject,
bridge passage, 2nd subject,
repeat
· Development ­ material from
1st subject
· Recapitulation ­ material from
exposition in the tonic key (G
minor), bridge passage
extended,…

Page 7

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· Woodwind also sustains
harmony, but shares melodic
material as well, like in the
2nd subject
Texture · Mostly homophonic but some
counterpoint in the
development
· Octave doubling of melodies
used
· 2nd subject is a dialogue
between strings and
woodwind
Context · The symphony is written in G…

Page 8

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Set work 3: Chopin ­ Piano Prelude No. 15 in D flat major, Op. 28

Style and period · Romantic Era
Melody · At the start the melody is
lyrical in the right hand and
it's decorated with ornaments
like aciacaturas and turns.
· Features dotted rhythms and
chromaticism
·…

Page 9

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as well as ritenuto in the
penultimate bar
Tempo · No tempo marking on the
piece
Rhythm · Uses some triplets and dotted
rhythms
· Septuplets in bars 4 and 23
· Dectuplet in bar 79
· Rubato used by performer ­
makes it more expressive
Metre · Quadruple simple…

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