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Music Set Works - Answers
Handel and the Glory of the Lord

1. Key Features of Baroque Music (1600 ­ 1750):
Ornamented melodic parts
Terraced dynamics: the dynamics change suddenly, so there are no crescendos or diminuendos
Repetition because the melody is built from motifs
Simple diatonic harmonies, with narrow…

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Motif 4: First sung by the tenors and basses in bars 51 ­ 57. It's the only motif that's introduced by two parts. The
long repeated notes emphasise the conviction of the lyrics. It is a pedal note (A) ­ the tonic so it emphasises the
key signature. The word…

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1. The classical era spanned from 1750 ­ 1830 and it saw a deliberate move away from the flamboyant and ornate
baroque ideals. The period was dominated by Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven. The composers were paid to write
music by royalty and aristocrats. However, later in the classical period concerts…

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used, with some pedals, e.g. bar 221 cellos and bassoon play repeated dominant pedal. Four G minor chords to finish
emphasises ending.
12. Mostly homophonic but some counterpoint in the development. Octave doubling of melodies is used, e.g. bar 89 in
woodwind. The second subject is a dialogue between strings…

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2. Arnold Schoenberg was a composer in the late-romantic period and he followed composers like Wagner by adding
lots of chromatics to his piece. In the early twentieth century he became interested in the ideas of expressionist
painters. In Schoenberg's music the practical results was his move towards atonal music,…

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2. You get a blues scale by flattening the third and seventh of any major scale by a semitone. The fifth note is
sometimes flattened too. The flattened notes are known as the blue notes: e.g. C Eb F Gb G Bb C
3. 12 bar blues uses a set…

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2. Moby layers sampled and synthesised instruments to build up the texture of the piece. Synthesised piano chords
start the piece. Male voice taken from a recording of a 1953 Gospel choir is used ­ it is not cleaned up and the
electronic ghostings making it seem more natural, adding…

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Improvisation ­ The music is made up spontaneously without the use of written musical notation. With Yiri,
the music was later noted by a recording which is known as transcription.
Polyphonic Texture ­ This is where there are two or more parts playing different melodies at the same time

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repeated rhythms played in the balaphones. This creates a polyphonic texture. This occurs in bars 57-60. Finally, the
solo voice in `Yiri' is a contrast to the other instruments because it is the only part to have sustained notes. This makes
the entrance of the soloist more dramatic, emphasising its…

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To make the music more expressive, composers gave extra instructions ­ as well as tempo markings, they
would include instructions like dolce, amoroso or agitato.
There were more tempo changes ­ a piece might change speeds lots of times within the same section.
Musicians also used rubato, where performers speed…


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