Edexcel GCSE Music- Raindrop Prelude

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  • Created on: 19-06-11 17:07
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Chopin Prelude No.15 in D flat major,
1838 Op. 28
Style and period Romantic era features (1800-1900):
Rise in nationalism
Emphasis on expressing a wide range of
Longer and more developed melody
Rise of the virtuoso performer
Expansion of the orchestra
Development of the piano
More chromatic harmony to express
different emotions
More freedom for composer to used
different structures
Other romantic composers:
Gioachino Rossini
George Pinto
Ludwig van Beethoven
Claude Debussy
Melody Section A
Regular four-bar phrasing (except 16-17 and
18-19 which has 2 bar phrasing- introducing
irregular phrasing is typical of the romantic era)
Chromatic movement in melodies
Main idea is the falling motif (F-D flat-A flat)
Stepwise movement is used after the falling
motif going up to a flat and then down to a D flat
Cantabile melody- in a singing style
Decorated with ornamentation; acciaccaturas,
grace notes, written-out ornaments(turn in bar
Section B- less melodic
In section B the range of notes increases with
both hands using octaves.
Melody is mostly in the left hand.
Four bar phrasing is mostly used.
In the second part of section B there is
augmentation (bar 30-31 there were crotchets,
they are now minims in bars 60-61)

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Coda - less melodic
Pedal markings help make the melodic line
legato cantabile
Dynamics Varied dynamics: pp-ff
Diminuendo and crescendo often used.
Smorzando is used to make the piece quieter
and slower near the end.
Slentando- gradually slower
Ritenuto- held back(getting slower)
Section A
Starts softly wit a P
Diminuendos and crescendos are used alongside
the falling motif, getting louder as the notes go
up and falling when the notes go down.…read more

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Metre 4/4- quadruple time
Structure This piece is a prelude, which would normally be
the opening for another piece but in the
romantic period they became popular as
stand-alone pieces.
Loose Ternary form
A(27 bars)-D flat major
B(47 bars)-C # major (enharmonic minor)
A(6bars)-D flat major
Codetta(8 bars)- D flat major
Tonality Section A- D flat major
Starts in Dflat major and chromatic C flats in bars
9 and 11 hint at Aflat minor.…read more

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Sombre mood is broken by the Dramatic E major
chord which is chord IV of G# minor.
A perfect cadence at the end of the dramatic E
major section
Here is an inverted dominant pedal, the G# is the
dominant and it is inverted as it is on the
top part.
Repetition of G# which is the dominant note
Aflat of the Dflat home key anticipates
the return of
There are imperfect cadences at the end of
every phrase in this section.…read more


Samuel Richardson

Excellently presented set of notes analysing the different aspects of Chopin's Prelude in Db Major. 

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