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The collapse of the Tsarist regime 1917
26 December 2011
Russia in 1917 - covered a sixth of the world's land
Under half of the 125.6 million spoke Russian

Peasants - 93.7 million were peasants in 1897
Over half had no land or homes of their own.

Industries -…

Page 2

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It failed to take Russia out of the war, end food and fuel shortages, to redistribute property more
equally and improve working conditions.
It merely set dates for the elections for the constituent assembly

Lenin and other revolutionaries - political oppositions were allowed to return to

Lenin - his April…

Page 3

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bolshevik takeover and consolidation 1917- 24
28 December 2011
October 1917 - the Provisional government seemed about to fall
Lenin returned to Petrograd fearing that the Petrograd soviets would take control after the
2nd revolution
Trotsky was the leader of the Petrograd soviet's military committee secretly persuaded the

Page 4

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Cheka - were used to stop political opposition during the civil war
1919 the cheka arrested 8700 and shot 8,389 without trial during the red terror
Civil rights suffered

War communism - organised farming and industry to serve the war
peasants had animals and crops taken
The state ran the…

Page 5

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the nature of Stalin's dictatorship 1924-1939
16 January 2012
Lenin did not name a successor - Lenin did not think one person should dominate the party
The CPC ran the soviet union in the 1920 but Lenin always got his way
The leadership contestants were :

Page 6

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The cheka became the reformed GPU then OGPU
The OGPU could also send people into organisations and factories to look for sabotage

Prison camps ( gulag) - under stalin camps were moved into isolated areas and became bigger
Cheka sent 250,000 to prison camps by 1920
In 1938 7,000,000 were…

Page 7

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economic and social changes 1928 -1939
16 January 2012
Industrialisation & collectivisation - to make the soviet safe from western aggression
For higher industrial output and to feed the town workers
To surplus grains to earn money from grain export

Collectivisation - was joining small farms and villages together…

Page 8

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Second five year plan - 1933 -1937
Focused on heavy industry and set targets for tractor and combine harvester production
It started a year early
Was more realistic and so met its target

The third five year plan - 1938-1941
Was the first to include bikes and radio…




brilliant stuff thanks so much




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