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Page 1

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UNIT 1: DEVELOPMENT

1943 ­ TEHERAN CONFERENCE (CHURCHILL, STALIN,
ROOSEVELT)

ROOSEVELT KEEN TO IMPROVE RELATIONS BETWEEN
ALLIVES
Held in THERAN during second world war
SUCCESS for Stalin

AGREEMENTS
Second front to be opened invading France
Soviet Union to go to war against Japan AFTER Germany was
defeated
United nations to…

Page 2

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Amount Germany had to pay in reparations; Stalin thought
they should pay more than others
Stalin wanted Poland to have a friendly gov so that Russia had
a BUFFER ZONE to get protection from GERMANS... The
western powers thought that it would be a soviet controlled
gov. Thought Soviet union…

Page 3

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Leader changes

SOVIET UNION EXPANSION ­ 1945 ­ 1947

POLAND (1945)
Soviet Union was dependent on a friendly polish government.
In 1945 Stalin wanted most of Poland and wanted them to be
communists.

SECURITY (1945)
Soviet Union had been invaded from the west by Germany in
1914 and in 1941.…

Page 4

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Soviets influenced disruption in government, forced Romanian king
to appoint communist government, who then abolished the
monarchy

1945 ­ YUGOSLAVIA
Leader was not intending to follow communism. Yugoslavia
expelled from communist international bureau

1947 ­ HUNGARY
Country had economic crisis.
Communist party secured a communist government. All other
parties banned.…

Page 5

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SO...

1947 TRUMAN DOCTRINE

USA believed SU was trying to spread COMMUNISM
Containment ­ to contain communism, to stop it spreading
further, ESPECIALLY to western countries
Increase of rivalry between USA and SU. Truman had even
publically announced that the world was divided into
communism and noncommunism.
USA had atomic…

Page 6

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Ensures that the states in Eastern Europe
1) Followed Soviet aims in foreign policy
2) Introduced Soviet Style economic policies like STATE
CONTROL OF INDUSTRY
Way of stopping any members who disagreed with SU

COMECON ­ 1949
Communist response to MARSHALL PLAN
Founded in 1949
Was supposed to be a…

Page 7

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Allies airlifted supplies into West Germany
STALIN DID NOT SHOOT planes because he knew he was not
strong enough to have a war with the west.
During the airlift, WEST BERLINERS SUPPLIED WITH
EVERYTHING; from food to CLOTHING to OIL and BUILDING
MATERIALS, but there were still shortages but wasn't…

Page 8

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BY THESE TWO ALLIANCES BEING SET UP, IT INCREASED
SEPERATION; COUNTRIES FOUND IT HARD TO BE NEUTRAL.
HAD TO PICK A SIDE TO BE ON.


WORSENING RELATIONS (1949 ­ 55)

1949 Cold war was happening to Asia. USA developed
DOMINO THEORY (once communism spreads to one country,
it spreads to…

Page 9

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Killed 2000 people and imprisoned 200,000 political
opponents
3) LIVING STANDARDS FALL
Living standards fell in 1952


KEY FEATURES OF HUNGARIAN UPRISING 1956
Khrushchev sent tanks into Hungary to scare Hungarians and
to drive Nazi forces away he needed to be strong enough
not to be overthrown by a small…

Page 10

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Khrushchev visited USA and it seemed successful, and
Eisenhower was READY to compromise, tensions seemed to
be relieving
BUT 9 DAYS BEFORE THEY WERE DUE TO MEET IN PARIS IN
1960 THE USSR ANNOUNCED THAT THEY HAD SHOT DOWN
A US SPY PLANE
USA refused to apologize
Khrushchev determined to…

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