Edexcel iGCSE History Revision: Russia in Revolution, 1914-1924

A* Quality Notes on iGCSE History Topic B3: Russia in Revolution, 1914-1924

Revision Tips:

  • Read Through the Revision Pack, Highlighting Key Points.
  • Have a go at the activities at the end of the Pack.

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
IGCSE Section B Option B3

Depth Study



Russia 1914 - 1924




· Successes and Failures in WW1
· The February Revolution
· The Bolshevik seizure of power
· Civil War
· War Communism & the NEP

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Key Issue Content Revised?
Why was Russia so Nature of the Russian Empire:
difficult to govern? Size,
Nationalities,
Structure of society,
Nature of Tsarism
Growth of Nature of opposition to the Tsar
opposition to the Causes of the 1905 revolution
Tsar & 1905 Events of 1905
Revolution Consequences of 1905…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Death of Lenin
Creation of Soviet Union




1. THE TSARIST SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT

The Russian monarch was known as the Tsar. He ruled as an autocrat and believed that God had made
him Tsar and that he therefore had absolute authority to rule Russia. The Tsar ruled with the support…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Moderates did not want revolution. They included many different groups such as the
Constitutional Democrats (Kadets) which was set up in 1905 and was led by Paul Miliukov.
They were mostly lawyers, teachers, doctors and civil servants. They believed in working with
the constitution or laws of Russia to bring…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
· Civil rights ­ e.g. freedom of speech and conscience

· Uncensored newspapers and the right to form political parties

By December the Tsar was back in control and he sent troops to close the St. Petersburg Soviet and
crush the armed uprising in Moscow. He sent troops to take…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
transport system proved totally inadequate and food often failed to reach towns and cities. There were
serious fuel shortages by the end of 1916.

SOCIAL MISERY

By the end of 1916 there was discontent throughout Russia. In the towns and cities there were high
prices and food and fuel shortages.…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
as Justice Minister and War Minister) in July of that year. Kerensky was also Deputy Chairman of the
Petrograd Soviet (workers' council). Many people already believed the Soviets were more effective as a
means of government than the Duma.

THERE WERE MANY REASONS WHY THE PROVISIONAL GOVERMENT DID NOT
SURVIVE:…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
8. THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION OF OCTOBER 1917.

Bolshevik support had increased during 1917 and by September the Bolsheviks were the largest party
in the Petrograd Soviet. They also controlled the Military Committee of the Soviet with Leon Trotsky
as chairman.

Trotsky used the Military Committee to carefully plan the revolution.…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
The result was that Lenin effectively became a dictator, and his secret police (the Cheka) began to
intimidate, imprison and murder political opponents.

NEGOTIATING PEACE

The Bolsheviks had always planned to pull out of the war with Germany. They agreed to a ceasefire in
December 1917. Trotsky was given the…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
White forces were completely defeated. The Bolsheviks had won due to their ruthless, disciplines
commitment and the failings of their enemies.

STRENGTH OF THE REDS

· They had large, well-organised armies under the leadership of Trotsky, and good
communication.

· They made good use of propaganda to show that the…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »