GCSE Edexcel B5 notes

GCSE Edexcel B5 notes

HideShow resource information
Preview of GCSE Edexcel B5 notes

First 374 words of the document:

B5: The World at War, 193845
Appeasement, 19389: the role of Neville Chamberlain the outbreak of the Second World
On September 12 1938 Hitler demanded selfgovernment for the German speaking Czechs in the
The British prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, had been expecting Hitler to try to seize the
Sudetenland for some time. He had already decided that as soon as it happened, he would go to
meet Hitler face to face and settle the matter. Chamberlain called this Plan Z.
On September 15 Neville Chamberlain flew to meet Hitler at Berchtesgaden and agreed to
his demands. He returned to Britain and persuaded Edouard Daladier the French prime minister of
the need to support him. The Czech government was informed of Chamberlain's decision, but was
not invited to the discussions.
On 22 September Chamberlain returned to meet Hitler at Bad Godesberg. But Hitler now
had new demands. Hitler told Chamberlain that the Sudetenland must be handed over to Germany
immediately and that Polish and Hungarian claims for Czech territory must also be met.
But at the last moment war was avoided, the Italian dictator Mussolini suggested a four
power conference. The four powers, Germany, Italy, Britain and France, met at Munich on 28
September 1938. They agreed to let Hitler have the Sudetenland. Hitler and Chamberlain signed an
agreement that Britain and Germany would never go to war again. This was Appeasement.
Why did Chamberlain act this way?
There are two views.
1. He believed that Hitler could be trusted and that he would keep his word, when he stated that this
would be his last aggressive act.
In his diary Chamberlain wrote that Britain could do nothing to help the Czechs. He also believed
that if he met Hitler face to face they would be able to sort out their differences.
2. He realised that Britain was not strong enough to fight in 1938 and decided to try to put war off
for as long as possible.
Chamberlain believed in appeasement from strength and Britain had been rearming since 1935.
Both interpretations are possible.
Events leading to the outbreak of war

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

In March 1939 Hitler occupied the rest of western Czechoslovakia.
Britain now formed alliances with Poland and Romania.
In August Hitler formed the NaziSoviet Pact. This guaranteed that the Soviet Union would
not oppose a German invasion of Poland and gave Germany a free hand in the West. In return the
Soviet Union would get one third of Poland and the Baltic states and Finland.
On 1st September 1939 the German army invaded Poland and defeated the Polish forces
within three weeks.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

The French government had pinned its hopes on a massive line of fortifications along the
FrancoGerman border. It was called the Maginot Line after the general who designed it. It was
believed to be impregnable, and it probably was, but it ended at the Belgian border.
In 1936 the French tried to extend the Maginot Line, but this proved to be impossible and in
1940 the Germans simply went round it, sending their tanks through the Ardennes, a wooded hilly
area.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

The Red Army had lost most of its officers in the Purges of 1937 and 1938. In 1941 it was
being commanded by junior officers, with very little experience.
Stalin was taken by surprise. He did not believe reports that Germany was about to invade.
The Red Army was outgunned. It simply did not have the equipment to face the German
armed forces.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

In 1931 the Japanese army had invaded Manchuria, which was part of China, and set up a
puppet government. There was international condemnation, but little else was done. The Japanese
began a period of territorial expansion on the mainland.
In July 1937 the Japanese army invaded northern China. Shanghai was bombed and then
captured. Other Chinese cities were bombed into submission .
Japan wanted to set up the `Greater South East Asia Coprosperity Sphere'.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Hitler stopped attacks on Fighter Command on 7 September.
3. Hitler held back production of Uboats in 1939 and 1940, so that when the Battle of the
Atlantic began in 1941 the German Navy only had 37 submarines.
The determination of the British people in holding on alone from June 1940 until June 1941
showed that the British people were not prepared to give in.
Churchill again played a key role in maintaining morale by his speeches and visits to bombed
areas.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

At Midway in June 1942 four Japanese aircraft carriers were sunk.
The British and Indian forces stopped the advance into India.
The US forces used islandhopping as a way of isolating Japanese units.
President Truman decided to use the Atomic Bomb as a means of bringing the war to an end
as soon as possible.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »