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TOPIC NAME&YEA DESCRIPTION EVALUATION
R
EATING What is an Most attitudes are the result of either
BEHAVIOUR attitude? direct experience or observational learning
from the environment
DIRECT EXPERIENCE ­ is related to
taste, and the physical and
psychological consequences of eating
certain foods
OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING ­
depends on familiarity, parental…

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Role of The developmental approach +exposure to food: Birch&Marlin (1982) introduced 2-year-olds to novel food
learning and Exposure to food (familiarity) over a 6-week period. One food was presented 20 times, another 10 times,
familiarisatio and neophobia another remained new. RESULTS: direct relationship between exposure and food
n Social learning…

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Cultural Wardle et al Surveyed the diets of 16,000 young adults +proves cultural differences in eating behaviour
influences on (1997) across 21 European countries +large sample makes results significant
eating Sweden, Holland, Norway, Denmark -doesn't consider possible sub-cultural differences
behaviour most fibre; + Leshem (2009) shows the persistence of cultural…

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Role of mood Emotionality Food intake seems to be correlated to + Verplanken et al. (2005) - correlational analysis on mood, impulse buying and
theory of low mood snack consumption
obesity People who become obese eat for Those with low self-esteem were more likely to impulse buy and also
(Schachter,…

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Diets that involve STRATEGIES (eg +Kiernan et al (1998) people who were more dissatisfied with their body shape
calorie-counting, CBT) are effective in at baseline more likely to succeed (social cognition models: intention reflects
changing eating behaviour action)
Rodin et al(1977) role of individual's +Ogden (2000) compared re-gainers, obese and…

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Ventro -Gold (1973) found that lesions restricted
Medial to the VMH alone did NOT result in
Hypothal hyperphagia and only produced overeating
amus when they included other areas such as
(VMH) as the parvoventricular nucleus!
a "satiety +However, subsequent research has failed
center" to replicate Gold's findings...
Lateral +Cummings et…

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+However, injections of NPY cause
hunger...May be due to an experimental
artefact, because of the unexpected
intake of NPY in experimental conditions
(through injection)
+Reflection on people's experience of
hunger\satiety and provides explanation of
some differences in eating behaviour
+Insight into brain chemicals ­ could be
used to develop medical…

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-Highly controlled lab experiments may
lack ecological validity
-Physiological drives can be overriden (eg
desire to loose weight; dislike of certain foods;
fear of losing control; social cues to continue
eating; food availability)
Evolutionary The "ultimate explanation" +Davis (1928,1939 page 176 on book) observed choices of children living in a…

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Obesity Obesity is
included in
the ICD-10
but not in
the DSM-IV
as it has
not been
established
that it is
consistentl
y
associated
with a
psychologi
cal or
behavioura
l syndrome
(APA,
2000)
1 in 2
adults in
the US
were either
overweight
or obese in
the 1990s
(Tataranni,…

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upward
trend in
obesity
1\2
women
and 2\3
men are
either
overweight
or obese
Obesity
shortens
life by an
average of
9 years
(National
Adult
Office,
2001)
Mokdad et
al (1999)
refer to an
"obesity
epidemic"
The World
Health
Organizatio
n increases
risks of
Type 2
diabetes;
High blood
pressure;…

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