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Eating Behaviour




Attitudes to Food and Eating Behaviour
Social Learning
A01
Observing others: Children learning through observation of parents. Parental modelling influences
children because parents in charge of food eaten in home
Brown and Ogden ­ found consistent correlations between parents and children in terms of snack
food intake, eating…

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Eating Behaviour




o Cultural background influences attitude to eating measurement of attitudes in one
culture tells us little about attitudes in a different culture


Evolutionary Explanations for Food Preference
Early Diets
A01
Preference for fatty foods: was adaptive because harsh conditions in the environment of
evolutionary adaptation (EEA) meant energy…

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Eating Behaviour




Neural Mechanisms in Eating and Satiation
Homeostatis
A01
Involves mechanisms that detect state of internal environment and also correct it to restore
environment to optimal state glucose levels play main role in producing feelings of hunger

Increase in blood glucose

Eating

Ventromedial hypothalamus activated

Satiety




Lateral hypothalamus activated…

Page 4

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Eating Behaviour




A01 ­ Ventromedial hypothalamus:
Damage to VMH causes hyperphagia (overeating). Stimulation of VMH inhibits feeding
Damage to VMH also causes damage to paraventricular nucleus (PVN). It is now believed that
damage to PVN is what causes hyperphagia
A02 ­ Refute role of ventromedial hypothalamus
Gold ­ claimed that…

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Eating Behaviour




o During adolescence these children desire to establish autonomy, but are unable to achieve
this without taking excessive control over their body shape and developing abnormal
eating habits
A02
Support for Bruch's theory:
o Steiner ­ found that parents of adolescents with AN had a tendency to define…

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Eating Behaviour




Support for reproductive suppression hypothesis: observation that onset of puberty is delayed in
prepubertal girls with AN. Also, as amenorrhea is a typical characteristic of AN, this means that
reproduction is suspended in AN females
Limitations of evolutionary explanations of AN: we might question how symptoms of AN…

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Eating Behaviour




Support: Soetens et al ­ found that ppts who suppressed thoughts about food also showed a
rebound effect, and were more likely to think about food after suppression
o Might explain why denial of thoughts about food leads to greater rather than less
preoccupation with it
o A03…

Comments

xKush

This is great too! Thank you :)

xKush

This is great too! Thank you :)

MrsMacLean

A very useful document, thank you!

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