Revision Checklist

Notes on :

Sleep Disorders

Sleep States

Biological Rhythms

Relationships : The formation breakdown and maintenance of romantic relationships
Relationships : The effects of early experiences and culture on adult relationships
Biological Rhythms

AQA Exam Bored
XP Version

I'll probably be adding in two/three more topics
Aggression psychological side
Aggression Biological Side
Relationships : reproductive behaviour

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  • Created by: Ceri
  • Created on: 19-01-10 20:32
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Revision Checklist
Researcher Name/Theory Name/Information Keywords/Information
3 Bio Rhythms Circadian, Infradian, Ultradian
Endogenous Pacemaker/Exogenous Internal Body Clock/ External Time Giver
Pacemaker
Abraham Melatonin Sparrows
Binkley Chickens, Dawn break
Superchiasmatic Nucleus Optic Chiasm, Nucleus, Internal body clock
Campbell Et al Light back of knees
Michel Siffre Cave Man, 6 Months
Wever Isolation unit, several months
Morgan Transplant SCN, Hamster
Silver Transplanted SCN
Stephen Et Al Rats, Damaged SCN
Russell Et al Sweat rubbed, Pheromones
Reinberg Cave-Woman, 3months
Cseizler Et al Shift work from 7 days to 21
Dawson Reset clock with bright lights 4 hours.
Reward/need satisfaction theory, byrne clore Behavioural Approach, learning theory, classical
and operant
May And Hamilton Association Positive
Lott And Lott Teachers. Positively reinforced children like
classmates better
Jennings 400 girls, Individuals who are rewarding are liked
most
Filter Model, Kerckhoff & Davis Guess Who, DAN
Social Exchange Theory Homans Ratio of costs and rewards
Equity Theory Walster et al Stability
Yperen & Buunk 259 Couples renited by advertising, 65%
equitable, 25% men over-rated. Inequitable lead
to dissatisfaction
Investment Model Caryl Rusbult Breakup relationships people considered
rewards, costs, alternatives and Investment.
College students heterosexual 7 months
questionnaire
Duck ­ Factors that make a relationship more Young Marriage, early parenthood, lower
likely to break down socio-economic group, poor education, different
race/religion, partners have been divorced,
great number of sexual partners before
marriage
Ducks Dissolution Model Indians Dig Small Graves For Ducks
Intrapsychic Dyadic Social Grave

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Lee's Stage Model Dennis Eats nuts racing trees
Dissatisfaction Exposure Negotiation Resolution
Attempts Termination
Psychology
Revision Sleep
People with severe brain trauma spent
more time in REM sleep
Restoration Theory ­ Oswald REM sleep is essential for restoration and
repair of the brain
NREM sleep vital importance for
restoration and recovery of the body
Increased growth hormone during NREM
People whom did a 57 mile marathon
slept for an hour and a half longer
Shapiro compared to normal the 2 nights
following.…read more

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Optional Sleep ­ Lighter Stages of NREM
aren't essential
Depressives are deprived of REM sleep
(woken up in lab when they entered
REM) spend more time in REM
suggesting its vital for brain recovery
Sleep helps us conserve energy at times
when it would be inefficient for us to be
Evolutionary Explanations of awake
Sleep
Kleitman & Webb
Animals time spent sleeping depends on
The safety of their sleeping habitats
Evolutionary Explanations Of How much time they spend gathering
Sleep food
Meddis
Environment
Predator or…read more

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Primary Insomnia Chronic Insomnia
No medical or psychological reason
Idiopathic insomnia ­ begins at childhood
and is lifelong
Is due to high levels of arousal at night
Vgontzas Et Al He found that insomniacs have increased ACTH
and cortisol which are associated with stress and
arousal
Winkleman Et Al Found that insomniacs have reduce GABA in their
brain which is a neurotransmitter which reduces
activity in the brain, hence they cannot get to
sleep.
Beaulieu-Bonneau Et al Reported that 34.…read more

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Seems to reflect from REM sleep while
awake
Nacrolepsy Research Thannickal ­ he found that orexin producing cells
were reduced in people with narcolepsy.…read more

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Insecure infants rely on teachers for
interaction and emotional support
SET Children learn relationships skills from modelling,
observation and imitation
Russell And Finnie Observed Australian pre-school children
Popular children had mothers who
suggested social strategies
Neglected had mothers whom
encouraged their children to play with
toys and materials
Adolescent Teenagers
Time spent with family decreases, peers
increases
Bee ­ Teens use peer groups for
transition from protected family place to
adult world
Moore 100 Adolescents
Adult attachment interview and rating
from a friend
Secure less…read more

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Rutter Et al Found children who had problematic
relationships with parents whom later had secure
and stable relationships
Culture A set of cognitions and practices that identify a
social group and can be distinguished from
others
Hofstede Analysed data on 100,000 Employee's in
50 different countries
Individualistic cultures aim for personal
goals and autonomy
Collectivist cultures find group goals and
interdependency is more important
Batabyal Young people are unlikely to make good
life partner choices and therefore their
parents.…read more

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