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Attitudes to Social Learning Cultural Influences Mood
Food
Impact of observing others ­ parental Ethnicity ­ Traditions and religious beliefs Binge eating ­ Individuals with bulimia
AO1 modelling of attitudes to food affects moulding food consumption. experience anxiety and binge-eating
children's own attitudes. Brown and Research suggests that body dissatisfaction…

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reinforcement, as they then know the Gender Bias ­ Much of this research is that we are limited in our manipulation of a
positive outcomes of it. Lowe et al gynocentric, such as that by Mumford et al, as participants mood and that we artificial mood
shown videos of `food…

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diet, and reflect the bigger debate of research such as Dye and Blundell, and
what directs our behaviour. Grundberg and Straub argue for differences
Determinism and Free-Will ­ As part between males and females in the way mood
of this point, obviously, the biological may affect attitudes to food provides…

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Implication ­ comfort food with clear
nutritional information on it, to raise
awareness of implication of mood on our
eating and perhaps deter them from
consuming it. Garg et al is participants
presented with such information,
consumption of unhealthy food dropped
drastically. For the general public = practise
may help…

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Explanations for
Success and
Restraint Theory Boundary Model Role of Denial
Failure of
Dieting
Developed by Herman and Mack Designed by Herman and Polivy Research in cognitive psychology shows that
AO1 attempt to explain causes and dieters keep food intake above a certain attempting to supress or deny a though…

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Hoarding and stealing extreme, SO.... Balanced, healthy diet result in
illustrating distressed behaviour ­ insight more successful diet and sustained
into OCD. weight-loss, as range isn't s large.
ETHICS!!! Starvation lead to long-term
problems.. BUT, preguidelines.

Real-life Application ­ USA off duty Combined approaches ­ Model Research Support ­ Sotens…

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which could explain weight gain after loss
and difficulty in maintaining weight-loss in
long-term. BUT, obese people have high
levels of leptin, which should mean small
appetite... suggesting psych factors?
However, could be that had low levels,
ate till obesity and then levels dropped.
Possibility of gene therapy.

Limited Relevance…

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Success of
Dieting
Detail and Dieting
Individuals like experiences less as they repeat them, thus making dieting harder to stick to. Redden developed the `detail theory',
AO1 suggesting that paying attention to what is being eaten and focusing on the details of the meal, allows the individual to get bored…

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Neural
Mechanisms
Homeostasis Role of Hypothalamus Neural Control of
Cognitive Factors
Defined as mechanisms that detect both Lateral Hypothalamus (LH) ­ research The cognitive aspect of food relies on out
AO1 state of the internal environment (eg discovered that damage to the LH in rats memories, food related smells and…

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Causes person to feel motivated to to the PARAVENTRICULAR NUCLEUS (PVN). Inferior Frontal Cortex- Receives messages
find and eat some food, causing It is now believed that damage to the PVN from the olfactory bulb (responsible for
glucose levels to rise again. is what causes hyperphagia. (Gold) smell). Damage to…

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