Eating Behaviour Revision Table

Complete with AO1, AO2/AO3/IDA

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  • Created on: 29-05-14 15:34
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Attitudes to Social Learning Cultural Influences Mood
Impact of observing others ­ parental Ethnicity ­ Traditions and religious beliefs Binge eating ­ Individuals with bulimia
AO1 modelling of attitudes to food affects moulding food consumption. experience anxiety and binge-eating
children's own attitudes. Brown and Research suggests that body dissatisfaction appears to hold for sub-clinical populations as
Ogden found correlations between and related eating concerns and disorders are well.
parents and their children in terms of more characteristics of white than black or Wegner et al found that people who had
snack food intake, eating and body Asian women (Powell and Khan) binged, had low mood before and after
dissatisfaction. Bell and Kenardy studied 14000 Australian binge-eating. Although low mood may make
Olivera et al clear relationship women of different ethnic origins. The longer binge-eating more likely, it doesn't alleviate
between mothers' food intake for they had spent in Australia, the more they the low-mood state.
most nutrient and their pre-school reported eating attitudes similar to
children. Australian-born women. (The acculturation Comfort-eating ­ Garg et al observed
effect). food choices of participants as they either
Media effects ­ Macnltyre et al watched an upbeat movie or a depressing
found that media has a major impact Social Class ­Body dissatisfaction and eating one. `Happy' participants chose healthy food,
on what people eat and their attitudes concerns are more common amongst middle but `sad' participants went for the short term
to certain foods. However, many and higher class individuals. pleasure of junk food. Lab study, inability to
attitudes (eg: healthy eating) are Dombusch et al surveyed 7000 American isolate variable (eg knowledge of film,
limited by personal circumstances (eg: adolescents and found that higher class manipulate emotions?
income and age). Therefore, people individuals had a greater desire to be thin and
learn attitudes from the media, but was more likely to be dieting to achieve this,
then place these within the broader than were lower class individuals.
context of their lives.
Real-World Application - Effects of Challenging Research ­ Mumford et al Laboratory Based ­ although high control
AO2/AO3 the media have opened up field for greater incidence of bulimia amongst Asian and allowing for causal relationships to be
further research, and how to improve school girls than their white counterparts, studied, the research has been criticised for
eating habits from a younger age, suggesting that eating behaviour and ethnicity its artificiality and ecological validity. Can we
educating them whilst they are still isn't that straight forward. actually simulate mood accurately in a
imitating role models through vicarious laboratory situation? There is always the case

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Gender Bias ­ Much of this research is that we are limited in our manipulation of a
positive outcomes of it.…read more

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Dye and Blundell, and
what directs our behaviour. Grundberg and Straub argue for differences
Determinism and Free-Will ­ As part between males and females in the way mood
of this point, obviously, the biological may affect attitudes to food provides extra
explanation is deterministic, but so is caution in assuming that we can apply all
the SLT, as it suggests that exposure results to everybody.…read more

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Implication ­ comfort food with clear
nutritional information on it, to raise
awareness of implication of mood on our
eating and perhaps deter them from
consuming it. Garg et al is participants
presented with such information,
consumption of unhealthy food dropped
drastically. For the general public = practise
may help curb comfort eating and binge
eating in times of low mood. This will help
people lead a healthier lifestyle and play a
part in addressing obesity issues.…read more

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Explanations for
Success and
Restraint Theory Boundary Model Role of Denial
Failure of
Developed by Herman and Mack Designed by Herman and Polivy Research in cognitive psychology shows that
AO1 attempt to explain causes and dieters keep food intake above a certain attempting to supress or deny a though
consequences associated with the minimum and below a certain maximum frequency has the opposite effect. Wegner
cognitive restriction of food intake. (satiety).…read more

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Hoarding and stealing extreme, SO.... Balanced, healthy diet result in
illustrating distressed behaviour ­ insight more successful diet and sustained
into OCD. weight-loss, as range isn't s large.
ETHICS!!! Starvation lead to long-term
problems.. BUT, preguidelines.…read more

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BUT, obese people have high
levels of leptin, which should mean small
appetite... suggesting psych factors?
However, could be that had low levels,
ate till obesity and then levels dropped.
Possibility of gene therapy.
Limited Relevance ­ Ogden argues
that restraint theory may explain the
overeating of some groups with
disordered eating (eg dieters, bulimics).…read more

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Success of
Detail and Dieting
Individuals like experiences less as they repeat them, thus making dieting harder to stick to. Redden developed the `detail theory',
AO1 suggesting that paying attention to what is being eaten and focusing on the details of the meal, allows the individual to get bored less
easily, thus making dieting a success.…read more

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Homeostasis Role of Hypothalamus Neural Control of
Cognitive Factors
Defined as mechanisms that detect both Lateral Hypothalamus (LH) ­ research The cognitive aspect of food relies on out
AO1 state of the internal environment (eg discovered that damage to the LH in rats memories, food related smells and images.
whether the body has enough nutrients) cause aphagia (absence of eating).…read more

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Causes person to feel motivated to to the PARAVENTRICULAR NUCLEUS (PVN). Inferior Frontal Cortex- Receives messages
find and eat some food, causing It is now believed that damage to the PVN from the olfactory bulb (responsible for
glucose levels to rise again. is what causes hyperphagia. (Gold) smell).…read more


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