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AS PSYCHOLOGY
AQA
PSYA2
STRESS, CONFORMITY
& ABNORMALITY

Page 2

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Stress
Body's response to stress Stress related illnesses Life changes Daily Hassels
Workplace stress Personality factors (type A and type B behaviour) Stress
management (therapies)

Social psychology
Conformity Explanations Obedience Explanations Independent behaviour

Abnormality
Definition Biological approach Psychological approach Biological Therapies
Psychological Therapies

Page 3

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BODYS RESPONSE TO STRESS
Stress is experienced when a persons perceived environment, social and physical demands
exceed their perceived ability to cope
The body's stress response was especially important for our ancestors because the bodily
changes associated with stress were essential in initiating either fight or flight
Counter shock phase:…

Page 4

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lymphocyte

Body's reaction to stress
pupils increase in
size = let more light

Immune response
--
lymphocytes produce antibodies that bind the antigens together This allows phagocytes to
engulf and digest the pathogen

-
memory cells remain in your blood for decades to provide a rapid immune response if the…

Page 5

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Stress and immune functioning
Kiecolt-Glaser et al investigated the stress of short term stressors on
- immune Blood system functioning in medical students
samples were taken one month before the exams (low stress) and

-
during the exam period itself (high stress) It was -
participants assessed also by measuring…

Page 6

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small cut inflicted on their elbow photographed until healed healing time in caregivers was
longer
caregivers =

48 days
control group =

39 days
= stress reduces the activity of the immune system
Gender
bias
ecological
High
validity
Participant
Protection
of
s

Page 7

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Evaluation
Consequences of the stress response -
problems arise when the stress response system is repeatedly activated as the cardiovascular
system begins to suffer from abnormal wear and tear -
increased blood pressure leads to damage in the delicate linings of blood vessels = heart
disease -
Too much cortisol…

Page 8

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Daily Hassles
Life changes
Cataclysmic events
Stressor types
- Minor stressors
- Day to day causes
of stress
- e.g. chores
- Personal stressors
- e.g. Marriage or Divorce
-
Major stressors
-
Effect millions
- e.g. 9/11

Page 9

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Examples:
Christmas = 12

Life changes
Holmes and Rahe - developed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) - measured in
LCU's (life change units)
Rahe used a military version of - - - he LCU Positive the assessed SRRS points relationship and
correlated recent was life given found with changes…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Daily Hassles
The Hassles and uplift scale measures respondents attitudes towards daily situations instead of
focusing on the more highly stressful events
Daily Hassles included:

-
Kanner found that it was a better indicator for stress levels than the SRRS
Bouteyre et al investigated the relationship between daily Hassles and…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
AS PSYCHOLOGY
AQA
PSYA2
STRESS, CONFORMITY
& ABNORMALITY

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Stress
Body's response to stress Stress related illnesses Life changes Daily Hassels
Workplace stress Personality factors (type A and type B behaviour) Stress
management (therapies)

Social psychology
Conformity Explanations Obedience Explanations Independent behaviour

Abnormality
Definition Biological approach Psychological approach Biological Therapies
Psychological Therapies

Page 3

Preview of page 3
BODYS RESPONSE TO STRESS
Stress is experienced when a persons perceived environment, social and physical demands
exceed their perceived ability to cope
The body's stress response was especially important for our ancestors because the bodily
changes associated with stress were essential in initiating either fight or flight
Counter shock phase:…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
lymphocyte

Body's reaction to stress
pupils increase in
size = let more light

Immune response
--
lymphocytes produce antibodies that bind the antigens together This allows phagocytes to
engulf and digest the pathogen

-
memory cells remain in your blood for decades to provide a rapid immune response if the…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Stress and immune functioning
Kiecolt-Glaser et al investigated the stress of short term stressors on
- immune Blood system functioning in medical students
samples were taken one month before the exams (low stress) and

-
during the exam period itself (high stress) It was -
participants assessed also by measuring…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
small cut inflicted on their elbow photographed until healed healing time in caregivers was
longer
caregivers =

48 days
control group =

39 days
= stress reduces the activity of the immune system
Gender
bias
ecological
High
validity
Participant
Protection
of
s

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Evaluation
Consequences of the stress response -
problems arise when the stress response system is repeatedly activated as the cardiovascular
system begins to suffer from abnormal wear and tear -
increased blood pressure leads to damage in the delicate linings of blood vessels = heart
disease -
Too much cortisol…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Daily Hassles
Life changes
Cataclysmic events
Stressor types
- Minor stressors
- Day to day causes
of stress
- e.g. chores
- Personal stressors
- e.g. Marriage or Divorce
-
Major stressors
-
Effect millions
- e.g. 9/11

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Examples:
Christmas = 12

Life changes
Holmes and Rahe - developed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) - measured in
LCU's (life change units)
Rahe used a military version of - - - he LCU Positive the assessed SRRS points relationship and
correlated recent was life given found with changes…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Daily Hassles
The Hassles and uplift scale measures respondents attitudes towards daily situations instead of
focusing on the more highly stressful events
Daily Hassles included:

-
Kanner found that it was a better indicator for stress levels than the SRRS
Bouteyre et al investigated the relationship between daily Hassles and…

Comments

No comments have yet been made