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Schizophrenia and Mood Disorders ­ PSYB3

Schizophrenia is primarily to do with thought disturbances and mood disorders are to do with
disturbances of emotions and mood
Used to be treated badly but in the 1800s they began to be treated more humanely with `moral
treatment' consisting of social care…

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The Diagnotis and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) requires some symptoms to
have been present for a month and others for 6 months before a diagnosis can be confidently


Catatonic type is relatively rare and may be due to drugs used to treat schizophrenia
(McGlashan and Fenton).…

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Absence of social functions; shown by poor social skills and interactions with
other people e.g. being unable to hold down a job
There are also Secondary Symptoms that occur as a result of having the disorder. The most
common are depression, anxiety, alcohol and drug abuse and social isolation.

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Explanations of schizophrenia

The biological explanation is the domination explanation with the greatest support, but
sociocultural and cognitive still need to be considered
The contemporary view is that stressful events in a person's life can `trigger' the onset of the
disorder in people who are biologically vulnerable ­ diathesis-stress model…

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Twin studies show that there may be a genetic predisposition to develop schizophrenic.
However, the fact that not it is not always both twins that develop it show that environmental
factors also play a part
No single gene for schizophrenia has been identified
Evidence of concordance rates for schizophrenia which…

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Heinrichs and Zakzanis (1998) found that patients showed a variety of cognitive deficits,
including problems with visual and auditory attention. As reported earlier, Kring and Neale
(1996) said that schizophrenics experience more emotions than they reveal. Not sharing
emotions may be a way to control the internal levels of emotions…

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the development of schizophrenia (Schiffman et al 2002). Research has shown
the parents of schizophrenics show three dysfunctional characteristics;
i. High levels of interpersonal conflict i.e. arguments
ii. Difficulties in communication with each other
iii. Highly critical and controlling of their children
Bateson identified faulty communication within families as a…

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Szasz was part of the anti-psychiatry movement and had a highly controversial view of mental
illness. He published `The myth of mental illness'. Key points to his arguments were;
o Mental illnesses are actually problems of living, a social construct created to deal with
those who act outside social norms.…


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