Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Holism Vs Reductionism
Emphasis on the whole person.
Gestalt Psychology
Interactionist Approach.
Holism ­ Introduction
Human behaviour is complex.
It should be looked at as a whole rather than in parts.
Holism ­ Gestalt psychology
Gestalt ­ German, meaning `whole configuration'.
"The whole of behaviour and experience is…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Idiographic Vs Nomothetic
Focus on the individual and recognition of uniqueness.
Private, subjective and conscious experiences.
Qualitative methods of investigation.
Idiographic ­ Introduction
Suggests everyone is unique and therefore everyone should be studied in an individual way.
No general laws are possible because of chance, free will and the…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Gives a superficial understanding ­ people may act the same but for different reasons.
Extensive use of controlled laboratory experiments creates a lack of generalisation to everyday
Idiographic/Nomothetic Working Together
Both have a role but relative value of each depends on the purpose of the research.
Two approaches can…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Includes the controlling role of different parts of the brain, hormonal system and genetics on
Some studies have indicated a genetic predisposition towards some behaviour.
Determinism ­ Psychic
Represented by Freud's psychodynamic theory.
Human behaviour, thoughts and feelings are caused by the life and death instincts and by

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Scientifically tested.
Nature ­ Limitations
Neglects the role of the environment.
Often hard to find twins or adoption studies to relate to the topic of interest.
Nurture ­ Introduction
Concerned with the role of the environment.
The environment shapes all of a person's personality and behaviours.
Nurture ­ Types…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »