Life in Germany 1919-1945

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  • Created on: 02-09-13 17:49
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LI
FE
IN
G ERMANY
c1919c1945
Af
ter
WWI
Germa ny af
ter
WWI =
a nar
chy,
social
unrest
,
propaganda,
d emonstr
ati
ons.
T he
ar
mi sti
ce
w as
signe d
in
191 8 agr
e ement
to st
op war
w hi
le
a peace
tr
eaty was dr
aw n
up.
Fr
ie dr
ich
E ber
t,
l
ead er
of t
he Soci
a l
Demo cr
ati
c par
ty
takes Kai
ser'
s pl
ace.
H e
call
s
f
or
e lect
ions
in
Jan 19 19:
Social
Demo cr
ats,
I
n dependent
Social
Demo cr
ats
and
Spa r
tacus League.
th
5 Jan 1919
S par
tacus r
isi
n g.
They
occupied public buildings, organised a general
strike and formed a revolutionary committee. Ebert'
s Free Corp s
of
4,000 soldi
ers
a ttack
an d l
ea der
s
R osa
Lux embu r
g
an d
K a r
l
Liebknecht
murdered .
The
Freikor
ps w ere
me r
cen ar
ies who hat
e d
commu nist
s .
El
ect
i
o ns
Ebert
wins
Ja n
e l
ecti
ons and new par
li
ame nt
me ets
in
We imar (
B er
li
n t
oo
dangerous).
Change s me n
a nd
w omen 2 0+ can vot
e,
PR used
in
p ar
li
ame nt
seats,
fr
ee speech
and
reli
gious belief
s,
two houses of Parliament Reichstag and Reichsrat,
Presi
dent
e l
e cted by
p eopl
e.
How ever
,
free sp eech meant conspi
raci
es coul
d
for
m,
ther
e
could be
a corr
upted
l
eader,
no on e p arty
w i
l
l
get
o ver
all
majori
ty,
and
G erman y
w as
not used
to
a
demo cr
ati
c go v.
Tr
eat
y of
Ver
sai
ll
es
t
h
Treaty o f
Versail
l
e s
w a s
sig ned
o n 28 June
1919.
The
Treat
y was put
t
og et
he r
by
Cleme n cea u,
Wilson a nd
L loyd
G e or
ge .
It
was
too
h ar
sh,
for
ced on Germa ny and
it
stat
e d
G erma ny
h ad
lo st
the war.
Th er
e
w er
e stor
ms of protests
an d t
he poli
ti
ci
ans who si
gned t
he Tr eat
y were know n
as t
h e
`November criminals' wh o had `
stabbed
them i
n t
he back'
.
So me
o f
the t
erms :
allied troops occupied the Rhineland, army cut to 100,000
soldiers, reparations of 6.6 million marks and Germany had to accept the
blame.
Fe b
192 0 Hit
ler
changed the
name o f
t
he Na zi
party
to NS DA P
a n d
iss ued a 2 5 poi
nt
plan
w i
th
an t
i
Semi t
ic
views.
H e
w ant
e d
to
scrap the Treaty of Versailles, unite all Germans to
form a Greater Germany and allow only German citizens to vote.
T he no .
o f
me mbers
incr
e ased
bec ause Germans were no t
happy
w i
th
the gov. and Hitler
u sed ma s ses of
propaga nda
e.g. beer
hal
l
me eti
ngs.
1920 Kapp Put
sch 5,
0 00
Free
C or
ps ma rched i
n t
o B er
li
n
and D oct
or
Kapp set
hi
ms elf
up
as
head of
a
new gover
nme nt
(
aims to recover the land taken from Germany by the

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Page 2

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Versailles Treaty and to rebuild Germany's military strength)
.
H e
w as
defeat
ed by
the
people o f
Berl
in as t
he w orker
s o r
ganised
a genera l
str
ike
and Ber
li
n gr
ou nd
to
a hal
t.
1920 Red ri
si
n g
in
the R uhr workers
beg an
a co mmu ni
st
re vol
uti
on.…read more

Page 3

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T he
fai
lur
e of
t
he put
sch convi
n ced
H i
tl
er
to
get
power by legal
means hol
ding
noses t
o ent
er
the
R ei
chstag.
Gol
den Twent
ie s cul
tur
al
revi
val
Str
esemann
in
his
rol
e as
for
eign
mini
ster
made
many
i
mprovement
s.
A
n ew go v.…read more

Page 4

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Jan
30 1933 HITLER
AP POINTED CHA NCELLOR !
However
,
he
did
not
have
ful
l
power as
h e
led
a coal
it
ion
government
.
Theref
ore
he want
ed
to
get
more
R ei
chst
ag
seat
s.…read more

Page 5

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Hi
tl
er'
s ai
ms:
Rebuild Germany's ruined economy
w or
k a nd
bread,
unempl
oyment
Make Germany a powerful nation Lebensr
a um l
iv
ing
space,
make
G e r
many
bi
gge r
an d uni
ted.…read more

Page 6

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Thought control and propaganda t
his
w or
ked al
ongsi
de t
err
or
and was
on a
local
and
nat
ional
scal
e. Go ebbels
led
the
D epar
tme nt
of
Publ
ic
Propaganda
and
Enli
ghtenment.
>Press onl
y 1
paper= Der
Stume r
(
N azi
newspaper
).
Press
w as
censored
newspaper
edi
tors
w as
tol
d each
day what
they
coul
d or
coul
d not
pri
nt.…read more

Page 7

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Rol
e of
Women
Marriage and children~ propaganda was p rodu ce d
to
promo t
e mo ther
hoo d
and i
n
193 3 t
he Law for
t
h e
E ncouragemen t
of
Ma r r
iag e
w as i
ntr
odu ced.
Every
ye ar
on
the
th
12 August medals were given to women with large families.
o D ivorce
w as
ma de
possibl
e i
n 1938 .…read more

Page 8

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Boycott of Jewish shops and businesses.
Law was passe d t
o excl
ud e
Jews fr o m go v.
j
obs.
1934 J e w s
w ere bann ed fr
o m publi
c pl
aces a n d
lo t
s of
anti
Se mit
e
p r
opag anda.…read more

Page 9

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Capt
ure
of
Ber
li
n
H i
tl
er
commi
ts
sui
ci
de.
Opposi
ti
on
Opposit
ion
to Nazi
r
ule
w i
thi
n Germa ny
d i
d exi
st
fr
om 193 3
to
1945.
T hat
opposi
ti
on t
ook
pl
ace at
ci
vil
ian,
chur
ch and
mili
tary
levels.…read more

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