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Development of Child's Understanding of Others (including perspective taking)
The idea that knowledge about the self and knowledge (understanding of) others are related is
supported by Bischof-Kohler (1988). In what way did they find empathetic understanding of
others? What did they conclude?




Harris (1989) : children become aware of their…

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have an understanding of other people's minds we can have knowledge about their knowledge, their feelings,
their beliefs, motivations and intentions. Having an understanding of what another person's mental state
might be means that we can make a fairly accurate prediction about what their behaviour might be. This
means we…

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more skilful in their ability to recognise that other people might see things in the same way as themselves
or see things differently.
For example:
One woman in this clip recognises that the other prefers healthy food whilst she much prefers unhealthy food.

SELMAN (1980) investigated children's perspective-taking by analysing…

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Answers become more and more sophisticated until at the third-party stage children answer that it is important to save the
kitten but also realise that there was a promise made not to climb trees. Therefore Holly must get her father to understand that
she needed to climb the tree. Both…

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