the short and long parliament and the leadership of pym 1640-41

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  • The Short and Long Parliaments and the leadership of Pym, 1640-41
    • the short parliament
      • Called because of lack of funds. Taxpayers strike and Wentworth alienated city of London as he had fine them after they failed to fulfil their obligations to Londonderry.
      • Pym presented numerous petitions against various aspects of personal rule.
      • Charles demanded more money without listening to parliaments concerns.
      • Charles dissolved Parliament after only three week's because he faced fierce opposition.
    • The Second Bishop's War.
      • Charles easily defeated. Scots occupied Newcastle.
      • Treaty of Ripon ended the war. Charles had to pay Scots £850 a day whilst they occupy Newcastle.
    • Long Parliament
      • Called because Charles needed funds.
      • Pym's Junto. Pym made a speech where he pushed for the kings 'evil councillors' to be removed. Prynne and Burton released from prison.
      • The Root and Branch Petition 1640. Signed by 15,000 Londoners. Religious grievance. Abolition of Bishops.
    • The Erosion of Royal Prerogative 1640-1641
      • Attacks on Charles' advisors: judges on prerogative courts impeached, Laud imprisoned, Wentworth charged with high treason.
      • Ensuring the future security of parliaments.
        • Triennal Act 1641. Charles had to call parliament every 3 years.
        • Act against forcible dissolution. Parliament could only dissolve itself.

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