Principles and theories of learning movement skills

  • Created by: cara12
  • Created on: 12-04-19 13:17
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  • Principles and Theories of Learning movement skills
    • Operant Conditioning
      • Uses either positive or negative reinforcement,to encourage the correct response to a stimulus
      • Positive reinforcement is used following a successful performance,through the use of a reward.
      • Negative reinforcement is used following an unsuccessful performance,via removing an unpleasant stimulus
      • Punishment is used following an unsuccessful performance and involves adding an unpleasant stimulus or taking away a positive stimulus
    • Bandura's social learning theory
      • 4 stages of observational learning
      • 1. Attention: Learner must closely attend to the skill being performed accurately. This is more effective if the learner has much in common with the performer of the skill
      • 2.Retention:Storing the skill in the memory enables recall.
      • 3.Motor reproduction:The learner needs to have the physical skills to be able to complete the skill.
      • 4.Motivation:The learner needs to be motivated to learn the skill and reproduce it themselves
    • Cognitive Theory
      • The learner needs to develop an understanding of the skill,rather than how to react to a stimulus
      • The learner uses perception to aid their understanding
      • Gestaltists state that skills should be understood in their entirety
      • Insight theory:a sudden understanding.or insight,of the skill leads to a rapid improvement in performance.


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