Sport Psychology (ALL TOPICS) OCR PE

Contains all you need to know on all topics in Sport Psychology:

  • Personality
  • Attitudes
  • Achievement Motivation
  • Attribution Theory
  • Aggression 
  • Groups and Teams
  • Leadership
  • Social Facilitation and Inhibition
  • Goal Setting
  • Self-Confidence
  • Attentional Control
  • Emotional Control
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  • Created by: RebeccaK*
  • Created on: 26-05-12 18:50

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Physical Education Sports Psychology
Contents
Personality
Theories of Personality
Trait Perspectives:
Social Learning Perspectives:
Interactionist Approaches:
Personality Profiling:
Attitudes
Nature of Attitudes:
Prejudices:
Influence of Attitudes:
Origins of Attitudes:
Socialisation:
Past Experience:
Social Learning:
Media:
Components of Attitudes:
Methods of Changing Attitudes:
Cognitive Dissonance Theory:
Persuasive Communication:
Achievement Motivation
Need…

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Aggression
Nature of
Aggression:
Assertion:
Causes of Aggressive Behaviour:
Theories of Aggression:
Instinct Theory (Freud):
Social Learning Theory (Bandura):
FrustrationAggression Hypothesis (Dollard):
Aggressive Cue Hypothesis (Berkowitz):
Methods of Eliminating Aggression:
Groups and Teams
Nature of a Group/Team:
Steiner's Model of Group Performance:
Knowledge of
Motivational Losses:
Coordination Losses:
Negative Influences:…

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DistractionConflict Theory:
Homefield Advantage:
Link with
Dominant Response (Zajonc):
Cause and effect of Evaluation Apprehension:
Strategies to Combat Social Inhibition:
Goal Setting
Importance and relevance of Goal Setting on
Participation:
Performance:
Factors affecting Goal Setting (SMARTER):
Shortterm, Intermediateterm and Long term goals (BAHL):
Outcome Goals:
Performance Goals:
SelfConfidence
Knowledge of…

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Ability Level:
Complexity of Task:
Peak Flow Experience:
Zone of Optimum Functioning:
Nature and Influence of
Anxiety:
State/Trait Distinction:
Anxiety Management Techniques



Personality
Theories of Personality

Trait Perspectives:
`Describe theories of personality and how they affect sports performance. [part of 20] June 2010
(Theories)
(Trait)
1. Trait perspectives.
Natural/innate behaviours.…

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Their recovery from stress is rapid. Recovery from stress is slow.


Narrow Band:
Type A: Type B:
High stress/arousal level. Low stress/arousal level.
Very competitive. Not concerned with competition.
Lacks tolerance. Very patient.
Needs to be in control of the task. Does not need to be in control of the…

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(Critical Evaluation of profiling)
(Negative)
10. Profiling results to vague/unreliable.
Do not link cause and effect.
11. Results cannot be generalised (to the behaviours of others)/you act differently in different situations.
Lack external validity.
Sample not representative.
12. Results lack ecological validity.
Are not true to real life/do not relate…

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an emotional response that can be enduring can last throughout life.
Can be unstable can therefore be changed.
Attitude object `The people, subject or situation towards which an attitude is directed.'

Prejudices:
Prejudice `A predetermined view which may be unfairly biased.'
Often based on race, gender, age, physical ability, sexual…

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Bad experiences, e.g. losing or injury, can lead to low selfconfidence and perception of ability as
low. This may lead to negative attitudes (learned helplessness).

Social Learning:
Involves imitating the attitudes of significant others .
If they have positive attitudes, it is likley you'll copy them, espeically if you are…

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d) When? The context/situation in which the message is delivered, its more likely to be effective if
there's time to digest information, with adequate resources, and the approach is not seen as
confrontational, with possible support from others.

`Using examples from sport in your answer, explain how negative attitudes are…

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Does not welcome feedback.
May experience learned helplessness.
Attributes failure internally.
Failure seen as a route to further failure.
Success attributed to external factors.
Is not competitive likes tasks with a high possibility of success and a low incentive.

Sport Specific Achievement Motivation:
Competitiveness `The degree to which a person…

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