Natural population change in UK- Decline in the DR and IMR & increasing LE

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  • Natural population change in the UK
    • WHAT?
      • Growth in UK population: More births than deaths, greater life expectancy
      • Population rose from 38.3 million in 1901 to 64 million by 2013
      • Continuing fall in death rate combined with birth rate- slowed down population
      • Periodic increases in births- "BABY BOOMS"
        • After the 2 worlds wars- (1914,1939)
        • 1960's- living standards rose
    • THE DECLINE IN DR& IMR AND INCREASING LE
      • IMR has fallen- From around 142 per 1,000 live births in 1902 to 4.1 per 1,000 in 2012
        • Smaller proportion of babies are dying in their 1st year
      • 2012- Men expected to live longer -79 women-83
      • EXPLANATIONS IN CHANGES:
        • Improved hygiene, sanitation& medicine
          • McKeown (1976)- Improvement in LS, better diet- More important than medical advances in wiping out epidemic disease
        • Higher living standards
          • McKeown- Rising LS have further assisted in reducing DR
        • Public health& welfare
          • Establishment of WS 1948- NHS- Free healthcare
          • Childbirth become safer- 800 women globally die in in CB every day
        • Health education
          • Growing awareness of nutrition. Public health- soical reforms
        • Improved working conditions

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