Natural Fibres Textiles Revision

A mindmap showing the fibre, its source and its properties

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  • Created by: Danielle
  • Created on: 08-01-13 20:28
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  • NATURAL
    • Vegetable Fibres
      • Cotton
        • Natural cellulose from the seed of the cotton plant
        • Staple fibre
          • Natural cellulose from the seed of the cotton plant
        • PROPERTIES
          • Absorbs without dripping
          • Non-static
          • Naturally breathable
          • Soft handle
          • Good drape
          • Dries slowly
          • Good strength
          • Good abrasion resistance
          • Durable
          • Poor elasticity
          • Creases easily
          • Biodegradable
          • Recyclable
        • END-USES
          • Workwear, tents, awnings, sewing thread
          • Shirts, underwear, trousers, jeans
          • Household linen, curtains, towels
      • Linen
        • Natural cellulose from the stem of the flax plant
        • Staple fibre
          • Natural cellulose from the stem of the flax plant
        • PROPERTIES
          • Strong, durable and long lasting
          • Smooth surface
          • Highly absorbent
          • Good drape
          • Fast drying
          • Fresh and cool to wear
          • Firm handle
          • Shrink proof
          • Dyes well
          • Low elasticity
          • Creases badly
          • Dirt repellent
          • Anti-microbial
          • Biodegradable
          • Recyclable
        • END-USES
          • Ropes & sewing thread
          • Shirts, skirts and suits
          • Household linen
          • Curtains
      • Sisal
        • Produced from the leaves of the agave cactus
        • PROPERTIES
          • High strength
          • Durable
          • Easy to dye
          • Water resistant
          • Good abrasion resistance
          • Anti-static properties
          • Easy to keep clean
        • END-USES
          • Agricultural twines
          • Ropes
          • Hairbrush bristles
          • Baskets
          • Naturals floor coverings
    • Animal Fibres
      • Wool
        • Made from the fleece of a sheep
        • Staple fibre
        • PROPERTIES
          • Can absorb 1/3 of its weight in water without feeling wet
          • Naturally breathable
          • Hydrophobic - repels water
          • Mostly non-static
          • Soft or course handle
          • Good drape
          • Medium strength
          • NOT durable
          • Can be cool or warm to wear
          • Inbuilt UV protection
          • Inbuilt fire resistance
          • 40% inbuilt natural stretch
          • Creases drop out
          • Biodegradable
          • Recyclable
        • END-USES
          • Blankets, carpets, upholstery
          • Suits, jumpers, overcoats, overcoats, sports garments, ties, scarves, hats, socks
          • Industrial felts, agricultural blankets, geotextiles
      • Cashmere
        • Fine underhair of the Kel goat
        • Staple fibre
        • PROPERTIES
          • Soft, luxurious handle and appearance
          • Light, lustrous
          • Good thermal insulation
          • Crease-resistant
          • Dirt-repellent
          • Non-static
          • Fire-resistant
          • Expensive due to limited supply
        • END-USES
          • Expensive luxury fabric for coats and suits
          • Luxury knitwear
          • Luxury interior textiles for cars, planes, yachts
      • Mohair
        • Hair of the angora goat
        • Staple fibre
        • END-USES
          • Expensive worsted fabric for suiting
          • Eveningwear
          • Scarves, knitwear
        • PROPERTIES
          • Soft
          • Silky, luxurious handle
          • Good thermal insulation
          • Durable and hardwearing
          • Crease-resistant
          • Dyes well
          • Dust-repellent
          • Fire resistant
          • Expensive because of limited supply
      • Cultivated Silk
        • END-USES
          • Luxury day and evening wear
          • Wadding for performance skiwear
          • Racing bike tyre reinforcement
          • Scarves, ties, hats, handbags and umbrellas
          • Sewing and embroidery threads
      • Wild Silk
        • Silk filament fibres
        • cocoon of the wild Tussah silk moth
        • PROPERTIES
          • Course 'rustic' and uneven fibre
          • Harsh handle
          • Absorbent
          • Non-static
          • Dyes to dark, dull colours
          • Dull lustre
          • Sensitive to perspiration - could stain
        • END-USES
          • Curtains, wall coverings, lampshades
          • Evening wear, hats
  • PROPERTIES
    • Cultivated Silk
      • END-USES
        • Luxury day and evening wear
        • Wadding for performance skiwear
        • Racing bike tyre reinforcement
        • Scarves, ties, hats, handbags and umbrellas
        • Sewing and embroidery threads
    • Fine, smooth
    • Lustrous and soft handle
    • Elegant drape
    • Elastic
    • Creases drop out
    • Can absorb a 1/3 of its weight without feeling wet
    • Non-static
    • Strong and durable
    • Light
    • Cool to wear
    • Good insulator so also provides warmth

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