Textiles Construction Revision

C

  • Created by: lilyemma
  • Created on: 09-05-17 19:38
What is converting bundles of fibres into yarns by twisting ('Z' or 'S' twists) called?
Spinning yarns
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What are natural short fibres called?
Staple fibres
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How do staple fibres have to do to run parallel before spinning?
Carded
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What are long man-made fibres (and silk) called?
Continuous filament fibres
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Does it take little or a lot of spinning to make a strong yarn from continuous filament fibres?
Little
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Are man-made fibres converted from a liquid to a solid, or solid to liquid?
Liquid to solid
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What three types of hardening spinning. methods called?
Melt, wet, dry
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What is weaving manufactured on?
Loom
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How are yarns interlaced when weaving?
At right angles
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What weave pattern is this: smooth surface - printing, basic weave, cheapest to produce?
Plain
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What is an example of plain weaving?
Gingham
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What weave pattern is this: diagonal lines on a surface, RS/WS different, firm fabric?
Twill
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What is an example of twill weaving?
Denim
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What weave pattern is this: smooth, drape, can pluck easily?
Satin
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What is an example of satin weaving?
Satin or sateen
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What weave pattern is this: fabrics made with a mixture of plain, twill and satin?
Jacquard
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What weave pattern is this: loops on surface trap air (insulation) and moisture (absorbency)
Pile (loop)
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What weave pattern is this: needs care when cutting out to make pile run in the same direction = nap?
Pile (cut)
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What is an example of pile (loop) weaving?
Towelling
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What is an example of pile (cut) weaving?
Velvet
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What is made from interlocking loops?
Knitting
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What has the characteristics: elasticity, insulation, drape and crease resistance?
Knitting
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What knitting is this: hand knitting and some machine knitting. One yarn source - loops interlock horizontally. Can ladder. Knit to shape of garment?
Weft knitting
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What knitting is this: machine knitting. Multiple yarn sources - loops interlock vertically. Can be quite firm. Quicker to make than woven fabric. Knitted as fabric sheets and then garment shapes cut out. Fabric edges need to be overlocked so no fray
Warp knitting
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What are two examples of circular knitted garments?
Tights, seam free underwear
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Are fibres converted directly or indirectly into fabric in non-woven fabric?
Directly
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What is held together by stitching, felting (heat and beat), glueing and tangling?
A fibre web
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What are non-woven fabrics usually used for?
Disposable textiles
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Are non-woven fabrics durable?
No
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What does the lack of grain line in non-woven fabrics mean?
No flexibility, no fraying
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are natural short fibres called?

Back

Staple fibres

Card 3

Front

How do staple fibres have to do to run parallel before spinning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are long man-made fibres (and silk) called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Does it take little or a lot of spinning to make a strong yarn from continuous filament fibres?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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