Textiles Revision

  • Created by: Kat
  • Created on: 20-05-17 11:07
A hair like structure that is the basis of a yarn or fabric.
Fibre
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A short fibre that needs to be twisted with others to make a yarn
Staple
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A long fibre that can be used alone or twisted to create a smooth yarn
Filament
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A thread like structure, either made from staple fibres or filament fibres
Yarn
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A sheet or length of cloth made from fibres or yarns.
Fabric
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Entirely artificial and made using oil and coalin its chemical production
Synthetic Fibre
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The process by which monomers are joined together to form polymers
Polymerisation
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A name given to a fibre created and sold by a company
Trade Name
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A synthetic fibre that is made 60 times finer than a human hair
Microfibre
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Natural cellulose treated with artificial chemicals to extract the fibre
Regenerated Fibre
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A manufacturing process where by all waste is reused in the production system
Closed Loop Process
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Can be broken down naturally through the action of bacteria or other living organisms
Biodegradable
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Can be manufactured with little or no negative impact on the environment and health and wellbeing of workers
Sustainable
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Two or more fibres spun together to make yarn
Blended Fibres
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Two or more yarns mixed together in the construction of the fabric
Mixed Fibres
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The visual design appeal
Aesthetics
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An alternative sustainable source of fibre for a yarn or fabric
Green Fibre
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Interlacing yarns with warp running down the length and weft running across the fabric
Woven Fabric
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A complex weave or a loom for complex weaves
Jacquard
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A simple basic weave with alternating yarns between weft and warp
Plain Weave
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Weft goes under more than one warp thread
Twill Weave
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The weft or the warp goes over four or more yarns
Satin Weave
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Loops or cut loops form a raised texture on the fabric
Pile Weave
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Fabric is dictated by the thickness and fibre type of the yarn
Weight
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Fibres are pressed together using heat, moisture and agitation, or hot needles
Felted
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Webs of fibres are pressed together using heat adhesives or heat
Bonded
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Two or more fabrics bonded together to enhance the fabrics properties
Laminated
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Loops linked across the widgth of the fabric
Weft Knit
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Loops linked in a vertical direction
Warp Knit
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A textile product that changes owing to its environment
Smart Fabrics
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A product that requires a power source to activate its features
Interactive Fbaric
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A short fibre that needs to be twisted with others to make a yarn

Back

Staple

Card 3

Front

A long fibre that can be used alone or twisted to create a smooth yarn

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A thread like structure, either made from staple fibres or filament fibres

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

A sheet or length of cloth made from fibres or yarns.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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