implications of an increasing young dependant population (eg: Sub Saharan Africa)

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  • implications of an increasing young dependant population (eg: Sub Saharan Africa)
    • positive
      • social
        • more children to look after the elderly
        • opportunity to change a countries future - educate children
        • children as economic assets
        • great future workforce
      • economic
        • children as an economic asset
        • provides a large long term tax base for the country (no elderly services)
        • great workforce
      • political
        • provides a large long-term tax-base for the country
        • large future voting population
    • negatives
      • social
        • strain on family/education services
        • too high workers : job ratio in the future
        • future unemployment issues
        • strain on resources
        • anti social behaviour, informal employment, prostitution, drugs etc
      • environmental
        • strain on resources - rapidly growing population
        • pressure to urbanise areas - need for more housing, jobs, travel
      • economic
        • increase gov spending on the young
        • the young cant work properly so they don't bring money in
        • forced to work with low wages
        • higher dependency ratio
        • strain on education services
        • issues with need for a high number of tax payers
      • political
        • high unemployment - too many people
        • cant vote
        • increase gov spending on the young
        • stain on education and healthcare services
        • short term issues with a need for high number of tax payers

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