Gender (Socio-economic factors)

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  • Gender
    • physical
      • Woman are biggest users of health care facilities, because of their roles as child-bearers and child-rearers so tend to look after their physical health than men
      • gender affects types of diseases, e.g. heart disease- biggest killer of both genders but men more likely to die. Bladder cancer in males and Breast cancer for woman
      • Men more likely to have car accident (traffic accident)
      • Men likely to have active and outdoor jobs- positive impoact on physical and well-being. Negative impact- accidents from building sites etc.
    • Psychological
      • more females diagnosed with depression. Post natal or menopause
      • Males more likely to commit suicide
      • Males more likely to abuse alcohol to cope with emotional problems
      • males are more likely to suffer from low self-esteem as result of unemployment "breadwinner of the family"
      • females are vulnerable to low self-esteem as a result of negative body image- 9/10 people with eating disorders are females
      • Males more likely to have undiagnosed mental health problems- less likely to talk to friends or gp
      • men less likely to access services at the early stage of a problem - testicular cancer often detected late
    • Social
      • 90% of single parents are female, difficult to afford childcare so cant go out and socialise as often
      • Women more likely than men to be isolated at home with young children
      • Woman have opportunities to meet new people through children's activities- more woman than meant toddler groups
      • Study by Independent Age suggest isolation is a bigger problem for older men than older women

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