Sustainble Transport, Skills, Case Study

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  • Created by: Ellie R
  • Created on: 31-05-13 15:48
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  • Explain how transport is being managed in urban areas. You should refer to a number of different sustainable schemes in your answer (6)
    • Congestion Charging
      • Charging motorists to travel in to large urban areas during times of heaviest travel
      • Example: London Congestion Charge
        • Introduced in 2003
        • To drive into the centre of London, motorists were charged £5 in 2003, £8 in 2005, and £10 now
        • Traffic levels have been reduced by 21%
        • There are now 65,000 fewer car journeys a day
        • Increase of 29,000 bus passengers entering the zone during morning peak time
        • AIM: To reduce number of vehicles entering the city, reducing congestion, and so reducing pollution
          • Should encourage people to use public transport, cycle and walk
        • 12% increase in cycle journeys within the zone
        • 12% fall in nitrous oxide emissions
        • Cameras photograph and register care license plates when they enter and exit the zone.
        • Operates from 7am to 6pm.
    • Park and Ride
      • People park their cars in large designated parking areas on the edge of urban areas and catch a bus in to town centre
      • Example: Cambridge Park and Ride Scheme
        • Scheme provides 4500 parking spaces on the outskirts of Cambridge
        • Double decker buses leave every 10 minutes and can carry up to 70 passengers
        • Bus passengers are charged £2.20 per day
        • During the day - Monday to Saturday
      • Usually located on main routes coming in to the urban area, as they are more accessible to car users
      • Approximately 40 people will travel on one bus rather than in 40 individual vehicles, resulting in much less congestion
    • Other schemes include:
      • Car Sharing
        • Workers share lifts to work.
        • If 1/2 of UK motorists received a lift once a day, vehicle congestion and pollution would be reduced by 10% and traffic jams by 20%
      • Designated cycle and walking paths within urban areas
        • E.g. Milton Keynes has 273km of cycle paths
      • Road lanes that only allow cars with at least 2 passengers to use them
        • E.g. Near Bristol University
      • Road lanes that give priority to buses, so they miss some of the congestion
        • E.g. The A329 directly in to Reading

Comments

Mr A Gibson

A specialist look at how transport is managed in urban areas which uses sustainable schemes as the focus. A good structure to this laid out in a way that you could learn for an exam question.

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