• Created by: Jess.Haff
  • Created on: 11-02-17 12:07

Social Opportunities

Shopping- Cabot Circus-

  •     Attractive shopping environment
  •      Reduces crime & influences employment
  •      Promotes tourism & greater spending

Entertainment- Festivals, cafes, bars, restaurants


  • Bristol Rovers, Bristol City Football Clubs
  •  Headquarters of Glousestershire Cricket Club
  •  Rugby Union Team

Leisure & Recreation

1 of 18

Economic Opportunities

Why has bristol developed a a high-tech industry? Bristol has close links with city council and the two universities, meaning there's an educated and skilled workforce.

Bristol Companies

Aardman Animations- Creators of Wallace and Gromit stop motion

Aerospace Industry- 14/15 main global aircraft companises are located in Bristol eg.Rolls Royce.

Defence Procurement Industry- Employs over 10000 people, supplies the services with supplies.

2 of 18

How is Bristol trying to improve its envirnment?

Transport improvements

  • More cycle routes
  • Park and ride
  • Car free zones - Intergrated transport system

Improved energy efficiancy

  • New buildings are energy efficiant
  • Eco buildings
  • electric vehicles

Development of renewable energy

  • Solar Panels
  • Using less non-renewable energy
3 of 18

Why regenerate Brownfield sites?

We regenerate Brownfield sites because...

  • Usually they're more central to cities
  • Reduces urban sprawl
  • Improves the urban environment
  • Land is often disused or derelict

Brownfield site- A site that has been built on before and is ready for development. Normally associated wither inner city areas.

4 of 18

Traffic Congestion Solutions

  • Frequent & Cheap public transport
  • Increase price of fuel
  • Number plate restrictions
  • Pedestriansation
  • Park & ride
  • Cycling- hire bikes, cycle lanes/routes
  • Car parking cost increase
  • Congestion charge- pay to go to a certain area
5 of 18

Brownfield Sites


  • Reduces urban sprawl
  • Redevelopment eases pressure on greenfield sites
  • More sustainable, environmentally friendly


  • Clearing rubbish from brownfield areas is expensive
  • Infrastructure already exists in urban areas
  • House prices increase as people are encouraged back to area
6 of 18

Greenfield Sites


  • Building on Greenfield sites may reduce traffic and congestion in cities
  • New sites are easier to build on as it is fresh land. This is more attractive for retail and housing developers.


  • Wildlife may suffer habitat loss eg. trees being cut down
  • New drainage, electricity, roads etc. would all have to be produced
7 of 18

Cae Study : Stroke Bishop

Stoke Bishop

  • Affluent- Wealthy, have a great deal of money
  • 94% of students got the highest grades in 5 or more GCSEs including English & Maths
  • Less than 300 crimes per year
  • Only 3% of people are unemployed
  • Fewer than 4% of children live in poverty
  • Nearly 50% of population has a degree or equivilant
8 of 18

Case Study : Filwood


  • Socially deprived in Bristol
  • 36% of students got top grades at GCSE including English and Maths
  • Over 1300 crimes per year
  • Top 10% of most socially deprived areas in England
  • Lower than average life expectancy
  • Poor access to shops selling healthy foods- death rates higher than average
9 of 18

Case Study : The Temple Quarter


  • In 1700s was a developed industrial area
  • Was often flooded dueto River Avon being so close
  • In the 20th century terraced housing was removed
  • The Temple Meads Railway Station was built
  • Businesses were removed
  • Was disconnected due to duel carriage way being built
  • Very run down
  • Gave bad impressions to visitors
10 of 18

Case Study : The Temple Quarter


  • Target: 4000 new jobs
  • 240,000m  of either new or refirbished buildings, creating offices, homes, shops and redeveloped railway station
  • New technical and digital enterprises
  • Temple Meads Station has had a major redevelopment to turn the station into a modern transport hub for the city
  • Regeneration of most sustainable offices in the UK
11 of 18

Case Study : The Temple Quarter



  • Developing further and continuing referbishments into 2050
  • Gaining profit
  • Brought jobs, leading to wealth
  • Sustainable


  • The Temple Quarter hasn't helped social inequality.
  • It isn't a target or meet the needs for the unemployed
12 of 18

Case Study : The Temple Quarter


  • Central Bristol
  • North of the River Avon
  • Edge of CBD- Central Business District
  • Surrounds Temple Meads Station
13 of 18

Case Study : Freiburg - The Sustainable City


  • South West Germany
  • Border of France
  • Directly West of Munich


  • Recycling water to conserve supply
  • Providing Green Spaces
  • Using Brownfield sites
  • Reducing reliance on fossil fuels
  • Providing a range of emplyment
14 of 18

Case Study : Freiburg - The Sustainable City

Social planning

  • Locals can invest in renewable energy resources; wind turbines, solar power, hydroelectric plants and energy conservation
  • Financial rewards are given to those who compost their green waste

Economic planning

  • Providing employment
  • Jobs have been created due to Manufacturing of solar energy
  • More than 10,000 people are in 1500 environmental businesses
  • 1000 people are employed in solar technology
15 of 18

Case Study : Freiburg - The Sustainable City

Environmental planning

Resourses are not wasted and the environment is protected for future generations.

  • More than 88% of packing waste is recycled
  • Provides energy by burning waste to 28000 homes
  • 350 community collection points for recycling
  • Biogas digester has been put in place for organic food and garden waste
16 of 18

Transport Solutions Examples

1) Freiburg- Germany

  • Low public transport fares
  • Intergrated traffic plan
  • Higher parking prices

2) Beijing- China

  • Number plate restrictions
  • Limited car sale- only 20% of people who apply
  • Increased parking prices
  • New metro lines
  • Developing a rapid bus transit by 2050
17 of 18

Exam Question (9 marks + 3 SPGST)

Explain how traffic congestion is being reduced in urban areas.

Use an Example you've studied and Figure 4.

18 of 18




I can only see half of each card...




josh holland



Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Urban environments resources »