First 256 words of the document:
Case Study: Heavy industry in Teesside p172173
What is the historical background?
Iron and steel industries began to develop along the south bank of the Tees between
Middlesbrough and Redcar in the 19th century because all the raw materials and fuel
supplies were locally availableiron ore from the Cleveland Hills, coking coal from the
What are the locational factors which have influenced the growth of steel making on
Teesside in the 1990s?
Transport: perhaps being the key factor, the Tees estuary is wide, sheltered and deep. It is
navigable for large bulk ore carriers. As well as trading with Brazil and Australia, the River
Tees is equally useful as the starting point for the export of steel by sea to the EU and other
overseas markets. A railway line runs next to the works for distribution to other parts of the
UK. The long history of steelmaking means that labour supply with the necessary skills and
What other heavy industries have located on Teesside?
Similar location advantages attracted the chemical industry to the banks of the Tees. Since
1950 the major expansion has been oilbased. An oil pipeline from the Ekofisk field in the
North Sea brings crude oil ashore at the terminal near Seal Sands. Here also are
petrochemical factories which produce petroleumbased products such as plastics and
synthetic fibres, which are used in light industrial firms to make consumer goods.