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Industry

Primary- the extraction of raw materials to make products

Secondary- using raw materials to manufacture a finished product

Tertiary- selling the products, providing a service

Quaternary- special type of tertiary industry that provides a specific service, or
research and development of products, e.g. internet service providers


Primary industries:
Oil…

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Lawyer
Taxi driver

Types of industry- heavy manufacturing, light manufacturing, labour
intensive, capital intensive, assembly intensive, quaternary, resource
orientated, market orientated, footloose, cottage, multinational company.

Medc's- more economically developed country. Located in the northern
hemisphere. NW Europe and America. Population work mainly in tertiary
industry. 25% in secondary and 10%…

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Location factors
Things that industries need to consider when choosing a suitable factory location.




Transport links:
Motorways and dual carriage ways. Rail and sea ports
To allow cheap efficient access to raw materials and components
Cheap efficient transport of finished products to markets
Good access for workers
Also ports need…

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Government incentives

Assistance may be on offer to attract industries to particular locations

Proximity to markets:

Industries locate close t markets to minimise transport costs
Reduce risk of damage t goods
Ensure a good supply of goods to market
Market orientated industry

Environmental impact

Consider, waste disposal
Noise
Air pollution…

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Global economic shift- MNC's locate manufacturing plants in LEDC's to take
advantage of cheap labour and materials

Advantages of this are:

Cheap land
Cheap labour
Willing workforce
New cheap raw materials
Government incentives

Disadvantages:

Cost
Training costs
Sweat shops are criticised
Language barriers




Hi tech industry and requirements

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Case study- industry in south Wales


South Wales- heavy industry with coal mining and iron and steel manufacturing

Growth-
large,
easily worked,
locally available supplies of all the major raw materials for iron and steel
making.
Limestone available from Brecon beacons
Steep fast flowing rivers providing water for cooling and…

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Low income and poverty

Reasons for decline-

Now raw materials- they become exhausted so they had to import
from other countries. The price increased
Decline of markets- Britain had lost control of easy markets
Competition form abroad- coal could not be produced cheaply so
they were forced to close. They…

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Cheaper locations abroad
Ioit was too expensive to run
E.g. Panasonic moved to Czech republic




Case study pottery and ceramics industry in stoke on Trent


Stoke had reputation for china and pottery:

Wedgewood
Royal doullen
Spode

In 1991 12000 people were employed in stoke area for ceramics

Growth

Local raw…

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A coal field site is no longer necessary as electricity and gas fired kilns are
used
Local clay no longer used, transport costs increased
Clay from sw
Canals no longer used by industry
Industry could not afford to move form skilled labour
Too much capital interested in land, building machinery…

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Lack of space
Congestion creating transport problems
Alternate sites were too expensive
Lack of alternate sites



Result was to move to a better place

Bianchi moved to treviglio. 30km away from Milan

Advantages:

Large area of flat land, well drained. Room for unloading/loading, car
parking
Government incentives- land given free…

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