GCSE GEOGRAPHY AQA INDUSTRY REVISION

GCSE GEOGRAPHY AQA INDUSTRY REVISION

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  • Created on: 01-03-10 00:08
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Industry
Primary- the extraction of raw materials to make products
Secondary- using raw materials to manufacture a finished product
Tertiary- selling the products, providing a service
Quaternary- special type of tertiary industry that provides a specific service, or
research and development of products, e.g. internet service providers
Primary industries:
Oil drilling
Farming
Fishing
Coal mining
Forestry
Quarrying
Secondary industries:
Jewellery making
Cadburys
Brewing
Iron and steel manufacturing
Car manufacturing
Computer manufacturing
Tertiary industry:
Fireman
Police man
Plumber
Post man
Doctor
Dentist

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Lawyer
Taxi driver
Types of industry- heavy manufacturing, light manufacturing, labour
intensive, capital intensive, assembly intensive, quaternary, resource
orientated, market orientated, footloose, cottage, multinational company.
Medc's- more economically developed country. Located in the northern
hemisphere. NW Europe and America. Population work mainly in tertiary
industry. 25% in secondary and 10% in primary
Ledc's- less economically developed country. Located in southern
hemisphere like Africa. 35-55% in primary. 25-45% in secondary.…read more

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Location factors
Things that industries need to consider when choosing a suitable factory location.
Transport links:
Motorways and dual carriage ways.…read more

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Government incentives
Assistance may be on offer to attract industries to particular locations
Proximity to markets:
Industries locate close t markets to minimise transport costs
Reduce risk of damage t goods
Ensure a good supply of goods to market
Market orientated industry
Environmental impact
Consider, waste disposal
Noise
Air pollution
Light and visual pollution
Energy and power.…read more

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Global economic shift- MNC's locate manufacturing plants in LEDC's to take
advantage of cheap labour and materials
Advantages of this are:
Cheap land
Cheap labour
Willing workforce
New cheap raw materials
Government incentives
Disadvantages:
Cost
Training costs
Sweat shops are criticised
Language barriers
Hi tech industry and requirements…read more

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Case study- industry in south Wales
South Wales- heavy industry with coal mining and iron and steel manufacturing
Growth-
large,
easily worked,
locally available supplies of all the major raw materials for iron and steel
making.
Limestone available from Brecon beacons
Steep fast flowing rivers providing water for cooling and power.
Good transport links allowed goods to be sent to market quickly.
USED THE MAJOR PORTS OF CARDIFF, SWANSEA AND NEWPORT.
The valleys provided Railways and canals were used eventually.…read more

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Low income and poverty
Reasons for decline-
Now raw materials- they become exhausted so they had to import
from other countries. The price increased
Decline of markets- Britain had lost control of easy markets
Competition form abroad- coal could not be produced cheaply so
they were forced to close. They were unable to compete with USA
and Poland.…read more

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Cheaper locations abroad
Ioit was too expensive to run
E.g.…read more

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A coal field site is no longer necessary as electricity and gas fired kilns are
used
Local clay no longer used, transport costs increased
Clay from sw
Canals no longer used by industry
Industry could not afford to move form skilled labour
Too much capital interested in land, building machinery etc.
However since 2000..…read more

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Lack of space
Congestion creating transport problems
Alternate sites were too expensive
Lack of alternate sites
Result was to move to a better place
Bianchi moved to treviglio. 30km away from Milan
Advantages:
Large area of flat land, well drained.…read more

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