Education reform in China

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  • Created by: sammilaw
  • Created on: 02-01-15 13:31
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  • Education reform in China
    • Literacy rates improved: 1949-1976 due to the reform of Mandarin in 1955
      • 'Language reform' - helped education as it introduced a form of Mandarin that everybody could use - Pinyin
    • Primary education had been set up in the mid 1950s
      • Percentage of population with basic reading and writing skills: 1949: 20% > 1976: 70%
    • Educational failure during this time (1982: 6 years after Mao's death):
      • Fewer than 1% of the working population had a university degree
      • Only 11% had received schooling after the age of 16
      • Only 6% of the CCP had been formally educated after the age of 16
        • The fact that the PRC had such a poorly educated workforce indicated how unrealistic his dreams had been for modernising China
    • The Cultural Revolution (1966-1970) undermined Chinese education:
      • 130 million Chinese youngsters stopped attending school or university
        • Students were encouraged to ridicule/attack teachers and reject all forms of education


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