Reforms of the Qing Dynasty

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  • Created by: Ellen
  • Created on: 01-04-13 11:54
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  • Reforms in the Qing Dynasty
    • The '100 Days' Reforms
      • Major modifications of the civil service
        • Innovations in education
          • Extensive industrial reorganisation
      • 1898
      • In the hope that the Chinese government critics would forgive them for their failure to prevent the spread of concessions in China and their pitiful attempts to fight in the Sino-Japanese war of 1895
        • Did not work. Empress Cixi and her ultra-conservatives took control of the govt. and Emperor Guangxu had to retract support of reformers (who were dismissed and many killed)
    • Boxer Uprising
      • Empress Cixi tries to eliminate all foreigners and backed the "Boxers" who were a collection of anti-Western secret societies that hated the Christian Church
        • Cixi thought it was a chance to take the international settlements from them in Beijing
          • Penalties of Western occupiers: 1) China had to pay $450mil in reparation. 2) Arsenals and fortifications destroyed     3) Foreign troops stationed permanently in and around Beijing
          • Western occupiers and provincial leaders joined together with leaders telling foreigners that they would protect them. They built an army of nine nations and broke up and crushed the boxers in Beijing.
            • Cixi fled to Xian in the Shaanxi province, in the south
      • Between 1900-1, Cixi gave her approval for their violent attacks on Chinese Christians to be extended into a massacre of westerners.


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