Social Changes

Social Changes

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Religion

  • Communist saw religion as superstitious and that throughout history religion had cultivated and exploited people
  • Mao saw Christians missionaries from Europe as the Nazi's of germany
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State Attack on Religion

  • Christians churches forced to close
    • Religious buildings seized
    • Some converted into public/office buildings
  • Chinese traditional faiths e.g. Confucianism, Buddhism and other major religions such as Christianity and Islam
  • Foreign priests and nuns were banned from China or expelled
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Results

  • Banned traditional customs (songs & dancing) and replaced them with meetings and discussions
  • Propaganda was the main weapon, through posters and loud speakers were used as a way to condemn religion
  • Fear of Regions splitting away from china because of different religious societies led to PLA going there to assert authorities in areas of Tibet & Xijiang
  • Mass immigration was conducted, sending people into dense religious societies for change, only worked partially
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Women's Rights

  • Arranged Marriages were common in China, usually conducted for business purposes or to link one family to another
  • Mao was a dedicate defender of women's rights
  • Although the government believed that there was sexual equality in society that had not been the case
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New Marriage Law 1950

  • Arranged Marriages were banned
  • The practice of Concubinage was banned
  • The payment of Bride prices were banned
  • Men and Women who were previously forced into marriages had the right to a divorce
  • All marriages were now officially recorded and registered
  • Buy & Sell Land
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No Change?

  • Although communist government claimed that there was sexual equality, not many women worked in the government and the roles they did have weren't important
  • Social Values/ Attitudes still didn't change
    • Still a male dominated society
    • Only valued baby boys over girls as girls were seen as a drain of resources
  • New marriage laws conflicted with culture,
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Improving Literacy Skills

Reasons for Lack of Educational Progress

  • Disruption of education was caused by the cultural revolution
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Education

  • PRC had great hopes in raising educational levels
  • 1949: majority of peasants illiterate
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Language Reform

  • 1955, new form of mandarin was adopted, which 80% of the country used
  • Pronunciation of mandarin was different depending on which area making communication different
  • Mandarin has no alphabet
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Failures

  • After Mao's death educational reform had failed
    • e.g. only 35% had received schooling at the age of 12
    • Only 26% received schooling at the ages of 12-1
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