AQA AS History - Impact of Chairman Mao - Mao's Death

AQA AS History notes i've made on the death of Chairman Mao from the AQA History Book, The Impact of Chairman Mao: China 1946-76

Sections include his achievements and failures.

Hope this is helpful :)

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S4.11, Mao's Death and his Impact on China ­
(Mao's Achievements and the Costs of Mao's Rule)
The East is Red
`Chairman Mao loves the people
He is our guide
To build a new China
Hurrah, he leads us forward!'
[The unofficial anthem of the PRC during the Cultural Revolution. Children sang it at
schools, and adults at work. Showing Mao's cult from mid-1960s to his death in
1976.]
Mao died on 9 September 1976
Hua succeeded to the top positions in Party, State and military hierarchies.
o Made preparations for a showdown with the Gang of Four.
The GoF made the mistake of not retreating to secure base. [Basic principle Mao's GuerrillaW]
Their base was in Shanghai, but they stayed in Beijing, centre of Hua's government.
6 October 1976 ­ Hua arrested Gang of Four. [With support of PLA] Caused no civil war.
Mao failed to prevent Deng Xiaoping from returning to power, he succeeded Hua as Chairman and
supreme leader in 1980.
`Had Mai died in 1956, his achievements would have been immortal. Had he died in 1966, he
would still have been a great man. But he died in 1976. Alas, what can one say?'
[Chen Yun, 1979]
`His merit are primary, his errors secondary, in proportion of seven to three.'
[An official Chinese verdict on Mao's life, 1981]
Mao's Achievements
The Cultural Revolution and its Aftermath [1966-1976]Page 1

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S4.11, Mao's Death and his Impact on China ­
(Mao's Achievements and the Costs of Mao's Rule)
Mao's Achievements
Mao had great charisma and was a visionary, a philosopher, a poet and a highly gifted political and
military strategist.
He was a believer in class struggle and mass mobilisation.
HOWEVER -> he was no administrator ­ didn't like day-to-day work. Little grasp on foreign affairs.
Mao did not concern himself with economic or health reforms.…read more

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S4.11, Mao's Death and his Impact on China ­
(Mao's Achievements and the Costs of Mao's Rule)
The Costs of Mao's Rule
`Mao, who for decades held absolute power over the lives of ¼ of the world's population, was
responsible for well over 70 million deaths in peacetime, more than any other in 20th century
ruler.'
[Jung Chang and J. Halliday, Mao: The Unknown Story, 2006]
Tens of millions suffered violent deaths at the hands if the communist authorities.…read more

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ruby

hey,

do you have any revision tips for history, also how do you structure the essay? 

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