Geography Case Study Out of Town Shopping Centres

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  • Case Study Out of Town Retail Centers
    • The Trafford  Centre
      • Has strong links to the motor way: M6, M61,M6
      • 160 busses stop there per day making it increadibly accessable to people who dont or cant drive
      • It has just over 160 shopping retailers including their two ancor stores, Jhon Lewis and M&S
      • Has the largest food complex in Europe with over 1600 seats
      • A 20 screen cinema and an 18 lane bowling complex
      • Has 10,00 free car parking spaces
      • Is within a 45 minute drive of 5.3 million people with an estimated retail value of £13 Bn
      • Is weather proof and Climate controlled making it an ideal trip all year round unlike shops in the open CBD
      • Offers a wide range of servies. Has a post office, travel agents and pharmasist
      • Was built in 1998 and took 27 months
    • Cribbs Causeway
      • Opened in 1998 and was built on a Green Feild site
      • Located close to the M5 and the M4
      • Over 4.5 million people live within an hours drive of the mall
      • Cost £10 million to build
      • 7,00 free car parking spaces. Needed as over 87% of people travel there by car
      • Busses have been introduced bringing people from a wide area to one of 18 bus bays
      • Is situated near urban developments where most of its employees
      • 2,500 trees planted along with 200,000 shrubs to increase the positive astetic of the store
      • Has two major ancor stores with M&S and Jhon Lewis flanking either side of the stores
      • Contains a 13 screen cinema and over 120 shops
        • Covers an area of 96,200 sqm
    • Causes
      • In 1970 there were 12 million cars on the road by 1990 this number had almost doubled to 22 million
      • Land on out of town cites was much cheaper than that of CD sites
      • Deliveries t oout of town stores was easier as there was little conjestion unlike CBDs
      • The development of motorways during the 60s and 70s made out of town areas accessable
      • Government tax alowances for so called "enterpirse zones" encouraged investment in such large scale schemes
        • Some town and ciy centres were unable to cope with such high quantity demand for shopping
      • The new indoor malls were covered and weather proof unlike CBD shops making them more pleasent

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