Bombing, Antisemitism, and Genocide - Germany

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  • Created on: 19-05-18 14:06
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  • Bombing, Antisemitism, and Genocide
    • Morale
      • Despite the bombing and, from 1943, the awareness that defeat was likely morale was high. People carried on fighting until their surrender in May 1945
      • Some people shared Hitler's belief of a 1,000-year Reich
      • The Gestapo forced people to keep fighting
      • Some believed that Germany would develop a super-weapon
      • As in Britain, with the Blitz, bombing united people
    • Bombing
      • What was the impact of the bombing?
        • The blanket-bombing of German cities has been questions and ineffective because economic production figures show that it failed
        • Bombing prevented Germany from reaching its full economic potential, caused industiral destruction and a breakdown in communication
        • German workers were geared towards aircraft production
      • Air raids in Germany began in 1940. By 1942 they became more aggressive and frequent
      • The Hamburg attack in 1943 caused a firestorm, which led to 30,000 people dying. Emergency services couldn't cope
      • By 1945, 150,000 people were killed in raids in Dresden. 70% of properties were destroyed
      • Nearly as many civilians died as soldiers fighting died
    • Anti-antisemitism: genocide
      • 1941
        • In June 1941, following the invasion of Russia, ** Einstatzgruppen followed the invading army an rounded up Jews
        • ** Einstatzgruppen carried out mass shootings, murdering 700,000 Jews in 1941-42
        • From September 1941, Jews had to wear the yellow Star of David so they could be identified. The problem of fighting the war and dealing with the Jews led to the "final solution"
      • The final solution
        • The final solution was agreed at Wannsee Conference in January 1942. The policy changed from resettlement to extermination
        • The plan documented the intended us of gas for extermination and development of extermination centres at Auschwitz, Sobibor and Treblinka
        • Jews were moved from ghettos to death camps, which were placed near railways to speed up the industrial-like process
        • In 1943, the Warsaw ghetto was destroyed and the Jews from German lands were transported to these death camps
        • As a result, 6 million Jew were killed, alongside political opponents, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, gypsies, anti-socials and Russian prisoners
      • The the final solution planned?
        • Yes: Hitler was committed to the extermination of the Jews and followed a plan of increasing persecution
        • No: the implementation was haphazard, as there were no written orders, which suggests that the policy was only decided at the end of 1942
        • Yes:  many Germans took part in the slaughtering


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