KQ2 Revision Notes: To what extent did the Nazis transform German society?

Revision Notes on Key Question 2 of the course Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-63

Specifically for AS OCR History A Unit F964 Option B

Study Topic 4: Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933–63

[Sepcification for my course on pg 63 of:http://www.ocr.org.uk/download/kd/ocr_9582_kd_gce_spec.pdf]

Thanks to this member whose notes helped me: http://getrevising.co.uk/resources/ocr_germany_1933_63_kq_2

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  • Created by: Flo
  • Created on: 06-04-11 13:32

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To what extent did the Nazis transform German
society?
Volksgemeinschaft

Nazi ideology was based on racism, nationalism and authoritarianism.
Hitler claimed that Nazi ideology was a way of life, not just a political ideology ­ set about changing German
society.
Aimed to get people working together for the nation by…

Page 2

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Hitler supported Churches in speeches and SA Limited success in controlling the churches.
encouraged to attend services. Ministry of Church Affairs established to undermine
Tried to give the impression that Protestantism could Churches through:
be accommodated for. Closing church schools
Signed concordat stating that Church wouldn't Undermining Catholic youth groups…

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Only 10% university students Government had to end
could be female. the marriage loan scheme
Depression ­ campaign to get to do this.
unemployed men back into work. Women not exploited
Labour exchanges told to enough in munitions
discriminate against women. factories ­ poor economic
Women excluded from mobilisation ­…

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3. Asocials: Anyone who behaved unacceptably e.g. alcoholics, prostitutes, criminals, tramps, workshy,
homosexuals. Those who were `orderly' were organised into a compulsory labour force and those who were
`disorderly' were imprisoned and sometimes sterilised/experimented on. 1936 Reich Central Office for the
Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion established ­ 10-15,000 imprisoned.…

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P Messages ­ loyalty to the Rieich, Production controlled by Simplicity ­ flexible enough to
o Hitler Myth, anti-Semitism etc. Office for Active Propaganda. promote all aspects of the
s Four copies of all political Weltanschauung.
t material had to be submitted
e
in advance and unapproved
r
materials were…

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Racial Purity and Anti-Semitism

Background
Anti-Semitic social tradition ­ not purely a German tradition. Grew due to German nationalist and imperialist ideas
before the Nazis and linking with intellectual theories of Social Darwinism. Stereotype of Jewish people as being
privileged and physical stereotype as most of them were eastern European…

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The Nazi Economy

Background

Before 1933: Hitler hadn't tied himself down to a specific economic policy ­ told cabinet in February 1933 not to
make detailed statements about an economic programme. Knew that his position depended on bringing Germany out
of depression.
Germany was dependent on exporting manufactured goods (but…

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expanded to employ 19-25 year Increase production of Quality of armaments pursued over
olds. raw materials to reduce quantity.
Investment in rearmament, imports.
construction and transportation. Develop ersatz
Total War
Growth in jobs and fall in (substitute) products.
End of 1941 ­ Germany at war with
unemployment. Under control of…

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May 1945 ­ Germany in ruins ­ German state ceased to exist and Nazi leaders committed suicide, fled or were
captured ­ central government broke down and replaced by the Occupying Powers ­ `Stunde Null' (Zero Hour).

Population Displacement:
12m German refugees fleeing from the east after the changing of…

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