5. A Culture of Puritanism

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 26-05-19 13:09
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  • 5. A Culture of Puritanism
    • 1. Recap
      • Key doctrinal 'errors' of Catholicism
        • doctrine of salvation
        • Salvation freely given, not earned via good works, no such thing as purgatory
          • going back to the Bible + purer form of Christianity
      • Practices condemned
        • Prayers to saints, central role of images, prayers for the dead, confession
        • Separate caste of clergy (instead, 'priesthood' of all believers) acting as intercessor with God (so no confession and absolution by priests)
      • Other changes:
        • Communion
          • not a miraculous transformation presided over by priest, instead all consume both bread AND wine
        • Pope's authority denied
    • 2. Puritanism and personal piety
      • Influence over view of ceremonies and concerns over the 'abuse' of images
      • the 'errors' of Catholicism that unite Protestants
      • The personal experience of a puritan
      • How do you identify one?
      • A conversion experience is central for most puritans (despite being Protestant to begin with) - reborn spirit
        • Christ speaks to them personally as never before, feel chosen/elected
        • Sense of inner transformation, personal link to God
    • 3. How would you spot a puritan?
      • not this (or just this)
        • Dresses in black?
        • reads the bible lots?
        • Miserable?
      • Key isn't the outside - it's what happens within you
      • A conversion experience is central for most puritans, (despite usually being Protestant to begin with)
      • Sense of inner transformation, personal link to God
    • 4. Becoming a puritan - what's next?
      • Salvation is freely given you, so you can't earn it - so what do you do?
      • Making your election 'sure':
        • Live an overtly pious life, constantly scrutinise your own behaviour
        • the key is to be active
        • Show distaste for ungodly things - the key is to be active
      • 'community of the godly'
        • people meet together as true believers, distinctive within communities
    • 5. Practical implications
      • What are practical implications of puritan attitudes on
        • Worship
        • Religious imagery
        • Creating a proper devotional and educational environment
    • 6. Controversies over worship
      • What takes place in parish church?
      • Book of Common Prayer determines the conduct of services
      • Required by church and state
    • 7. Key contested ceremonies
      • Communion
        • Text of service
        • Kneeling at communion
        • Can seem idolatrous (kneeling), and suggest incorrect doctrine (miraculous transformation of bread and wine - transubstantiation).
      • Rites of Passage
        • Baptism (using sign of the cross over infant)
    • 8. Attitudes towards Prayer Book and evaluating ceremonies
      • Book of Common Prayer becomes familiar over time and people development attachment to it
      • But Puritans agitate against keeling as communion throughout our period

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