1.4. The Politics of Religion in Elizabethan England II

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 24-05-19 13:56
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  • 1.4. The Politics of Religion in Elizabethan England II
    • 7. Religious Debate in parliament
      • Continues in 1580s, despite Queen's ban on religious debates in Commons
        • Number of MPs refused to accept ban on religious debates in Commons in 1580s
      • Anthony Cope, in 1586-87 session imprisoned in Tower when introduces a religious bill - last person to do so
      • However, remember most MPs, do not wish to challenge queen and do NOT support Presbyterianism
    • 8. Martin Marprelate controversy: Politics, Religion and Print Culture
      • Scandal of anonymous pamphlets attacking church, satirizing bishops and arguing for Presbyterianism
        • These people risked being accused of treason
        • Novelty of tracts isn't just about substance of argument - it shows swaggering confidence of person responsible
        • Had roots in German propaganda by Luther
          • satirical, scatter logical and piercing
        • Sparks nationwide manhunt
        • Embarrassed believers in Presbyterianism and discredits Presbyterianism
      • Printed and distributed via underground puritan network
      • Shift in tone in religious debates: satirical, personal attacks - prompts Crown commission own responses
      • Pushed some people into separatism
    • 9. 1590s and Archbishop Whitgift
      • Attacks on both Presbyterianism and separatism (complete rejection of Church of England and creation of separate congregations)
      • Separatist leader Henry Barrow executed in 1593
      • End of Puritanism as movement
      • England still seen as involved in religious war with Spain
    • 10. A word about Catholics
      • The position of Catholics changes in 1570s and excommunication of Elizabeth in 1570
      • Legislation against Catholics increases, in wake of international situation and Catholic plots
      • Catholic Priests arrive from abroad c. 1574 to serve English Catholics and later to convert
      • Catholics potentially seen as traitors, but most loyal and develop various 'survival strategies' - which we will discuss later in the semester
      • Protestants either afraid of Catholics and for large part define themselves by opposition to Catholics
      • Parliament used to regulate Elizabeth's Catholic subjects
      • After 1571, no Catholic sits in House of Commons or openly identifies as being a Catholic
      • Positions of Catholics became increasingly difficult
      • Some Catholics arrive from abroad c. 1574 (Jesuits) leading to making things difficult for Catholics
    • Conclusion
      • Elizabethan settlement stores up problems for later in the reign, but also for Elizabeth's successors, James and Charles
      • The public discussion of religious policy and ideas has become established
      • Hotter protestants and Catholics present a dual challenge to monarchs and their authority


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