9. Laudianism and the Caroline Church

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 27-05-19 16:05
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  • 9. Laudianism and the Caroline Church
    • 1. The Laudian Ascendancy
      • William Laud made Bishops of London 1628, Archbishop of Canterbury 1633
      • 1630s roughly covers period when Laud most influential
      • Also coincides with the 'Personal Rule' of Charles I (when king rules without a parliament, 1629-1640)
    • 2. Impact of Laudianism
      • A contested issue: anti-Laudianism often linked to Civil War
      • The result of unresolved tensions within the Church over past c. 70 years
      • Political implications of Laudianism
      • Archbishop Laud, not just religious leader, but a political one, right-hand man of Charles I
    • 3. Charles I
      • Comes to throne 1625
      • Younger son
        • Studious, shy, well-educated, in tune with artistic tastes of continent
      • Very much affected by divisive parliamentary politics of the last years of his father's reign, parliamentary puritanism and public criticism of James I
    • 4. Historians' views of Laudianism
      • Influential older views
        • Kevin Sharpe
          • moderate, conservative and popular
          • only opposed by radical puritans
        • Nicholas Tyacke
          • emphasis primarily on doctrinal aspects of Laudianism
      • Older approaches have generally modified by other historians and been newer research
        • Peter Lake
          • extreme, innovative and divisive
          • helping to radicalise moderate puritans
        • Most recent work by Milton, Lake, Foster and Fincham
          • Often stressing the overall package of the Laudian programme
    • 5. Tradition and Innovation in Laudianism?
      • One way of assessing Laudianism:
        • 5 key areas:
          • Stricter monitoring of clergy (puritans)
          • Altar policy of 1630s and church decoration
          • Imposition of Books of Sports
          • Restrictions on Preaching and lay activism
          • Restoring the status of the Church (and reigning in power of lay people)
    • 6. Stricter monitoring of clergy (puritans)
      • Clerical conformity
      • Ministers must subscribe to 3 Articles (accepting the Book of Common Prayer, among other things)
      • AND use of all ceremonies of Prayer Book, all of the time (so no occasional use, as under James I)
    • 7. Potentially divisive policy in parishes
      • Altar Policy of 1630s
        • a new policy
      • Required of all churches
      • Stress on the church chancel [location of communion table] as a special holy place
    • 8. Restoration of churches (1630s)
      • Restoration of churches, permitting more elaborate church decoration, e.g. painted stained glass
        • e.g. stained glass added to Peterhouse college chapel, Cambridge (c. 1628-32(
      • Sacred character of church, altar and by extension, clergy
        • e.g. Inigo Jones's extension to St Paul's cathedral
    • 9. Imposition of Book of Sports in parishes (1633)
      • Issue of Sabbatarianism
        • How you regulate what happens on a Sunday
      • Book of Sport specifically relaxes tight local regulation of Sabbath by puritans
      • All ministers required to read out from the pulpit
      • Festive culture
        • often criticised by puritans, with Laudians more open to their sociable purpose

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