War of the Roses key terms and key individuals

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  • Created by: Peter
  • Created on: 10-03-14 11:45
Enclosure
When common land was enclosed with fences or hedges.
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Hereditary Monarch
A king or queen who inherited their title from their parent.
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Usurper
Monarchs who took the throne by violent means.
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Despotic
A ruler who governed harshly.
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Guilds
Organisations of merchants and craftsmen who grouped together
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Deposition
Removal from political power.
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Catatonic schizophrenia
A medical condition where people have near or total unresponsiveness which was Henry VI's condition.
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Royal patronage
Rewards given by the Crown for faithful service. The rewards were often given in the form of property, money, title or office.
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Divine Right
The right to rule of the monarch comes from God so they are not accountable to their subjects.
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Minority
The period when the ruler is a child or under the age for full legal responsibility.
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Regent
Someone who governs the kingdom on behalf of a king.
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Royal court
A group of people including the monarch and his advisers which run the country.
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Parliament
it is where the the House of Commons and Lords can persuade the monarch to make some decisions.
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Black Death
An outbreak of the bubonic plague which arrived in England in the mid 14th century.
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Parliament of Devils
A council meeting held at Coventry in 1459 met purely to attain the leading Yorkists, removing them of their titles, lands and possessions.
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Sir Thomas Moore
Lawyer and humanist at thje court of Henry VIII
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Sir William Catesby
He trained as a lawyer and became a trusted estate steward to powerful men
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Sir Richard Ratcliffe
Served Richard III.
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Margaret of Anjou
Wife of Henry VI, who dominated his leadership and alllied with Somerset and other lords against York.
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Henry VI
King from 1422, who did not possess the skills to be an effective king.
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Richard, Duke of York
He felt excluded from power and was owed money. He became protectorate whilst Henry VI was ill. He helped to cause the Battle of St Albans. He was killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460.
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Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset
He was killed at the Battle of St Albans in 1455.
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Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury
He was York's brother-in-law and political ally. He fled to exile in 1459. He was killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460.
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Jack Cade
The leader of the rebellion against Henry VI's allegedly corrupt councillors.
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Edward VI
Son of Duke of York.
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Henry V
The King of England before Henry VI and the king who led England to victory in Agincourt.
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William de la Poole, Duke of Suffolk
He was a dominant politician who had much hatred against him when English lands in France were lost.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A king or queen who inherited their title from their parent.

Back

Hereditary Monarch

Card 3

Front

Monarchs who took the throne by violent means.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A ruler who governed harshly.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Organisations of merchants and craftsmen who grouped together

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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Comments

Peter

By the way the son of the Duke of York was Edward IV not Edward VI, which your answers state as Edward VI was Henry VIII's son.

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