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Opposition to the Nazi Regime

Left-Wing Opposition

All political parties banned after 1933.
SPD and Communists still function underground and actively resist the Nazi regime.


1. When Hitler claimed power they organised anti-Nazi marches.
2. Voted against the Enabling Act/Law despite threats and pressure. Leader of the SPD (Otto…

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· Urged workers to sabotage German war effort against Russia.

Home Front:

· Circulated anti-Nazi propaganda.

Red Orchestra (Rote Kapelle):

Communist sympathisers who worked in Nazi Ministries.
Passed German war secrets to Communists. Orchestra members were strongly against
anti-Semitism. They aided individual Jews when feasible.
Information thought useful to the…

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Czech Crisis 1938: Beck was worried that Hitler would engineer a war over Czechoslovakia and
he was determined to organise a coup to prevent this. To this end, he sent emissaries to Britain
to warn the British government of Hitler's aggressive designs against Czechoslovakia, the
conspiracy failed to get off…

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Many acts of defiance.
Worker protest over rises in food prices in 1935.
Deliberate slow working on production lines in armament factories.
Strikes by workers building motorways in mid1930s.
However vast majority were controlled effectively by the regime.
Evidence of a `reluctant loyalty' according to McDonough.

Von Stauffenberg and the…

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20th July 1944: Von Stauffenberg left a bomb in a suitcase under a table, while Hitler was
chairing a meeting, and sneaked away by car to Berlin. The bomb went off as planned, but Hitler
survived with only minor injuries. The coup failed and the conspirators were rounded up.

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themselves as the SA of the church. Adopted Nazistyle uniforms and salutes. Slogan ­ "The
Swastika on our breasts and the cross in our hearts." Leader of German Christians Reich
Bishop Ludwig Muller.
· The Confessional Church ­ Founded in 1934, broke away from the Reich church. Leader of the…

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University and Youth Opposition

University Students (White Rose Movement):

One of the most poignant attempts to protest openly against the Nazi regime was undertaken
by university students in Bavaria in 1943. The focus of student discontent against Hitler was the
University of Munich.
The protest was led by Sophie Scholl,…

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This group was mainly uppermiddleclass youths. Swing groups mainly developed in large
cities. They rejected the Hitler Youth ideals, but were generally antipolitics. They expressed
their identity through forbidden music, American Black and Jewish Jazz and Swing.
They went to bars and nightclubs playing music, which was not the officially…


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