Unit 2 Core studies

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What are the strengths of the Loftus and Palmer study?
Precise control over variables; Establishes cause and effect
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What are the weaknesses of the Loftus and Palmer study?
Low ecological validity; Sample bias as they are all students and students are inexperienced drivers and preform better on memory tasks
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What was the results in the 1st Loftus and Palmer study?
Smashed=40.8/ Collided=39.8/ Bumped=38.1/ Hit=34.0/ Contacted=31.8
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What was the results in the 2nd Loftus and Palmer study?
Smashed Yes=16/ Hit Yes=7/ Control Yes=6
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What was the explanations to the findings in Loftus and Palmer?
2 types of information make up memory; information perceived during an event and information supplied after the event
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What were the results in the Baron-Cohen study?
Autism/Aspergers=16.3/ Control=20.3/ Tourettes=20.4
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What are the strengths in the Baron Cohen study?
High control over variables; Standardised; Establishes cause and effect; Quantitative data
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What are the weaknesses in the Baron Cohen study?
Low ecological validity; Low mundane realism as eyes task is simpler than demand of real life
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What was the utterance described as in Savage-Rumbaugh study?
Correct and either spontaneous/imitated/Structured
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What was the explanation for Autism in the Baron Cohen?
Lack of theory of mind is a core deficit in autism spectrum
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Why did Baron Cohen use Tourette's group?
To prove that poor performance on eyes task was not due to neuro-physciatric disability
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What was the conclusion in Savage-Rumbaugh study?
Bonobos exhibit symbolic and auditory perceptual skills that are different from common chimpanzees, even thought the 2 species are closely related
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What are the strengths of the Savage-Rumbaugh study?
Longitudinal study so development can be measured and in-depth data collected; Small samples hard to generalise and may not be representative
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What are the weaknesses of the Savage-Rumbaugh study?
Ethical issues; high ecological validity (50 acres of land); Different rearing environments for chimps
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What are the strengths of the Bandura study?
Establishes cause and effect; Precise control of variables; Standardised=increases replicability
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What are the weaknesses of the Bandura Study?
Low in ecological validity; unethical; Samples bias as all students from Stanford university nursery so same socio-economic background and ethnocentric
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What was the conclusions of the Bandura study?
Supports ideas of social learning theory as children imitate behaviour of others with the absence of reward or reinforcement.
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Card 2

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What are the weaknesses of the Loftus and Palmer study?

Back

Low ecological validity; Sample bias as they are all students and students are inexperienced drivers and preform better on memory tasks

Card 3

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What was the results in the 1st Loftus and Palmer study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the results in the 2nd Loftus and Palmer study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the explanations to the findings in Loftus and Palmer?

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