Piliavin Section B Style Q/A

Did this for revision, I have the mark scheme is you want it, but this was my attempt with a few sneaky peeps at the text book..

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Joana
  • Created on: 12-05-09 17:33
Preview of Piliavin Section B Style Q/A

First 566 words of the document:

Section B Questions (Piliavin)
16) Choose one core study below
Piliavin I, Rodin J and Piliavin J (1969) Good Samaritanism an underground
Bandura A, Ross D and Ross S (1961) Transmission of aggression through imitation of
aggressive models.and answer the following questions:
(a) What was the aim of your chosen study? [2]
The researchers wanted to investigate the effect of several variables on the helping behaviour
of bystanders in New York subways. One of these variables was for example, the race of the
(b) Describe the sample used in your chosen study and give one limitation of it. [6]
The sample used in Piliavin, Rodin and Piliavin's study on helping behaviour consisted of
4450 men and women. These participants were present on the New York subway between
11am and 3pm on weekdays between April and June 1968. One limitation of this sample is to
consider the idea that the sample is restricted of people who were using the subway at the
time. This means that it cannot be very representative of the entire American population as it
does not take into account people at work or school or other commuters who may use
alternative methods of transport such as buses or walking.
(c) Describe how observational data was gathered in your chosen study. [6]
A team of four researchers boarded the train for each trial. Following this the female
confederates took their seats outside of the `critical area' and observed the behaviour
displayed by the passengers in an unobvious manner so as not to reveal that a study was
taking place. Data gathered was both quantitative (number of passengers and time taken to
offer assistance) and qualitative (comments made by passengers). One female confederate
observed the race sex and location of every passenger in the critical area and every helper.
The other noted the same variables in the adjacent area along with time taken for help to be
given after the model had arrived.
(d) Give one advantage and one disadvantage of observational studies. [6]
One advantage of employing observational studies for a piece of research is the idea that it
allows the recording of active behaviour rather than collected what people claim they would
do in situations provided. For example, in the study by Piliavin, Rodin and Piliavin,
researchers observed how different factors affected the helping behaviour of passengers in a
subway after a `victim' collapsed that was either drunk or using a cane (ill). As the
passengers were unaware that they were being studied, they could not alter their behaviour in
line with what they believe the researcher is looking for, this is called the social desirability
effect as they did not get the opportunity to display demand characteristics. A disadvantage
with observational study however is the possibility for lack of interrater reliability. In Piliavin's
study, one observer was recording spontaneous comments made by passengers while the
other was recording how many people helped and how long it took for someone to help. The
problem with this is that there could be a discrepancy or fault in what one observer records,
and this is when researchers opt to have numerous observes so that results can be

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Suggest two changes to your chosen study and outline any methodological implications
these changes may have. [8]
The first change I would make to the study, would be to alter the location from the New York
subway to several other train lines across the United States. I would employ different
researchers to each state in America, to carry out the exact same procedure but on a wider
scale.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »