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Psychology Core studies

Solomon Asch (1955)

1) Summarise the aims and context f Asch's (1955)research `opinion and social pressure'

Context

During the Holocaust in WW2 many millions of innocent people worked to death. This was achieved
because hundreds of thousands of other individuals were involved in organising and running
day-to-day…

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The naive participants consisted of 123 male volunteers who were student from four American
Universities. The naive participants were placed in a room with between six and eight other stooge
participants. The naive participants were told the study was an experiment on perception and not the
effect of a majority…

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7. In the variation where the participant has a supporter giving the correct answer the
conformity to the majority decreased to about 9%.




Conclusions:

The results show that some individuals are able to remain independent and give their honest answers
in the face of unanimous majority and they are able…

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the way they are socialised. This means that the study lacks ecological validity and cannot be
generalised to other settings.

× The sample can be criticised because all the participants were male. This means that the
findings cannot be generalised to females who might have different level of conformity. This…

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Rahe (1970)

1) Summarise the aims and context of Rahe's study of life changes and future illnesses

Context:

There is a large amount of evidence which suggest that any change whether desirable or undesirable
brings about stress responses. Furthermore evidence suggests that there is an correlation between
a person's life…

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military operations off the oast of Vietnam and the other was in the Mediterranean sea. Participants
were required to fill in the military version of the schedule of recent experience (SRE). This is a self
administered questionnaire that documents significant changes in a person's life relating to:
family/community/social /occupational and…

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This table shows that the higher the LCU band the higher the mean illness rating.

The relationships between the LCU and the mean illness rates were strongest in the two ships with
the easiest missions. It is possible that the higher current stress levels on the other ship hid the…

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cultures seen as less important therefore it cannot be generalised to other cultures. This
sample is known as ethnocentric.



× Another weakness of this study is ethical issues. The participants knew that they filled in the
SRE but not aware that their illness records were going to be used. Therefore…

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Milgram (1963) Behavioural study of obedience

1) Summarise the aims and context of Milgrams study of obedience

Context:

Milgram's works stemmed from Nazi atrocities during WW2. It was believed that Hitler was evil but
he relied on millions of people to carry out the `the final solutions'.

During the holocaust,…

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acts been asked upon them from an authoritative figure. He wanted to take his study to Germany but
there was no need because his America study proved the hypothesis wrong.

Aims:

Milgrams main aim was to find out if ordinary people would obey authoritative figure (a researcher in
a grey…

Comments

F

Hey, do you know up to what grade/marks these model answers would get? Amazing work, especially for revision notes, thank you so much.. :)

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