TB9 D&L Lecture 4; Adolescence

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 10-05-16 13:01

1. Which of these is not characteristic of any of the stages in Kohlbergs moral development?

  • Abstract notions of justice
  • Right and wrong determined by punishment
  • Internal and external states drive decisions
  • Views of others matter
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2. What are two issues with measuring TOM in adolescence using typical task methodology?

  • Ceiling effects, how TOM drives IRL decisions
  • Floor effects, how TOM drives IRL decisions
  • Internal validity issues, Ceiling effects
  • External validity issues, Floor effects

3. What is Marcias theory of adolescent identity development?

  • A matrix between crisis (experienced/not experienced) and commitment (did/did not make). Either identity or moratorium is achieved
  • Theory peaks in adolesence. Each stage has a crisis that needs resolution. Moratorium and role confusion are key elements.
  • A matrix between crisis (experienced/not experienced) and self esteem (low/high). Either identity or moratorium is achieved
  • Theory covers the lifespan. Each stage has a crisis that needs resolution. Moratorium and role confusion are key elements.

4. What are Phinneys three phases of ethnic-identity development?

  • Moratorium, foreclosure, achievement/identity resolution
  • Diffusion/foreclosure, moratorium, achievement
  • Achievement, diffusion, moratorium
  • Diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium

5. Which of these characterises Human rights/social welfare morality

  • Using ethical principles to guide moral judgement
  • Moral judgement from the congruence of individual action with social rules and laws
  • Right and wrong determined by powerful adults
  • Understanding other people have different views, 2 sides to an argument
  • Aiming to be perceived as 'good', guilt from being perceived as 'bad'

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