TB7 D&L Lecture 1; Key concepts

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  • Created on: 19-12-15 13:24
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  • TB7 D&L Lecture 1; Key concepts
    • Grapheme-phoneme conversion
      • The spelling-sound mapping rules of a language
        • Not just simple one-to-one mappings!
        • Different languages use different systems
          • Alphabetic (symbols code for sounds)
            • VARY on orthography, from shallow (simple GPC) to deep (not clear and irregular/ inconsistent GPC)
          • Syllabic (symbols code for sounds at the syllable level)
          • Logographic (symbols code for MEANING)
      • Affected by;
        • Regularity
          • The degree to which the particular graphemes correspond to particular phonemes
        • Consistency
          • Is a particular spelling typically pronounced in the same way?
        • Any model of reading needs to account for such high rates of irregularity and inconsistency
    • Phonemes and graphemes
      • Phoneme; the smallest unit of SOUND that can alter the meaning of a word
      • Grapheme; The basic unit of WRITTEN language. A letter/combo that corresponds to a phoneme
    • Methodology for measuring word recognition
      • Lexical decision tasks
        • Reaction time
      • Semantic judgement tasks
        • E.g "is this a living thing?"
      • Eye tracking
        • Provides info on reading speed (decoding) and compre-hension monitering
      • Fluency/ efficiency of reading
        • Whole sentences/ paras
        • Single non/ words
    • Ambiguity
      • Heteronym
        • Meaning + pronoun-ciation are DIFFERENT
        • SAME spelling
        • e.g desert, desert
      • Homophone
        • SAME pronoun-ciation
        • DIFFERENT spelling
        • e.g allowed, aloud

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