Sudan

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when did sudan become independent?
1st jan 1956
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who was war between?
leaders in christian south wanted autonomy from the islamic north
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what did southern sudan not agree with?
southern sudan didnt agree with the islamification of the country
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when did civil war begin?
1962, started by southern sudanese rebel army
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who was this rebel army formed from?
several ethinc groups such as Bari and Dinka
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when did this war last until?
1972
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what was the landmark peace agreement called?
Adis Ababa agreement
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what did it state?
that the south became self-governing and autonomous
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what else was formed?
SPLA - sudanese peoples liberation army
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did this agreement succeed?
no, failed to dispel tension that had originally caused civil war, proved to be temp restbite
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when was oil discovered in the south?
1978 in Bentiu
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when was second civil war?
1983-2005 as sudan gov violated terms of Adis Ababa accord
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what did president try tto do?
take control of oil-fields straddling the north-south border- conflict over resources
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who was war between?
government forces and SPLA
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how many killed?
1 million
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when did sudan begin exporting oil?
1999 ad the revenue allowed the Khartoum gov to invest in weapons
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why were feelings of marginalisation increased?
as oil found in south was exported for the economic gain of those in the north
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what happened in 2002
government and SPLA sign landmark ceasefire and end civil war
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2003
rebels in Darfur, rise up againt gov, claiming the region neglected by Khartoum
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economic impact
war ruins harvest, dependent on food aid, cycle starts
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how much infrastructure has africa lost due to conflict?
50%
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example in sudan
in southern sudan, there is no viable road network
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what about angola?
people dependent on air transport due to collapse of infrastructure
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since 1960, how many died directly/indirectly due to war in africa?
8 million
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how many left homes in darfur?
2 million, janjaweed patrol homes and **** women
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how many moved to chad?
20,000
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how many killed in sudanese conflict?
180,000 killed and some cant even speak local dialect as they have moved
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how many refugees?
2.4 million
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how many children in sudan out of school?
1.3 million
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what ranking is it for net enrolment in primary education
2nd to last
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statistic for girls
a girl is 3 times more ikely to die in pregnacy/childbirth than to reach grade 8
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what % have access to toilets?
20%
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Card 2

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who was war between?

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leaders in christian south wanted autonomy from the islamic north

Card 3

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what did southern sudan not agree with?

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Card 4

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when did civil war begin?

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Card 5

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who was this rebel army formed from?

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