L8 - South Sudan

  • Created by: Hadley023
  • Created on: 05-04-19 10:55
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  • South Sudan
    • Why did South Sudan want indepen-dence?
      • Physical difference - South Sudan is full of jungles while Sudan is mostly desert.
      • Religious reasons - most northerners are Arabic-speaking Muslims while the south is made up of numerous different ethnic groups who are mostly Christian or follow traditional religions.
      • Political reasons - with the government based in the north many southerners said they were discriminated against and north and south have fought each other for most of the country's history.
        • Southerners were also angered at attempts to impose Islamic law on the whole country.
    • Information
      • Landlocked country.
      • Population of 12 million people.
      • Many natural resources, including oil.
      • Armed conflict has been driven by ethnic differences.
    • Interventions and interactions of organisations
      • Why has international intervention been necessary - South Sudan faces famine, potential genocide and civil war.
      • Intervention by the international community has been necessary to resolve the conflict and ease suffering.
        • This requires cooperation of a number of organisations.
        • This has been difficult because of the obstructive and intransigent government.
    • UN's involvement
      • The UN Peacekeeping Mission (UNMISS) was reinforced in 2014 with a new mandate.
      • Originally the mandate was to support the government - peace consolidation, state-building and economic development.
      • The new emphasis has been consolidate peace and security, protect civilians, monitor human rights, implement Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and to support the delivery of humanitarian assistance.
      • UNHCR - urged the govt to sign international conventions for refugee protection.
        • Co-ordinates partnerships between UN agencies and South Sudan govt agencies to assist displaced people, especially un-accompanied and separated children.
    • Consequencesfor global governance of the conflict for local communities
      • Aid agencies have coordinated their efforts to position essential supplies.
      • Vulnerable children receive treatment for acute malnutrition.
      • Aid agencies have negotiated access in areas where fighting is ongoing.
      • Civilian protection camps expanded for IDPs.
      • Villagers receive training - livestock health and use of fishing equipment.

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