Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

1. What are the four controls (Hirschi) and how do we get them and what does it imply?

  • Individualistic, Safety valve, Rebelism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Attachment, Commitment, Belief, Involvement - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Ritualism, Retreatism, Conformism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
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2. How do right realists build on Rational choice theory?

  • They argue that currently the percieved costs of crime are low so crime rate risen, Criminals see little risk of being caught or punished, formal punishment and informal social controls (family & community) are weak
  • They argue that currently the percieved costs of crime are high so crime rate fallen, Criminals see little risk of being caught or punished, formal punishment and informal social controls (family & community) are weak
  • They argue that currently the percieved costs of crime are low so good time to catch em, Criminals see little risk of being caught or punished, formal punishment and informal social controls (family & community) are strong

3. What is an evaluation of Rational choice theory (Clarke)

  • Right realism over-states the rationality of criminals - many crimes not result of rational decisions (eg violent crime)
  • Right realism over-states the irrationality of criminals - many crimes are result of rational decisions (eg corporate crime)
  • Right realism over-states the rationality of victims - many victims cant remember exactly what took place or how to better prevent it (eg when drunk)

4. Who also disagree with underclass theory and why?

  • Rex & Charlesworth - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc
  • Rex & Tomlinson - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc
  • Charlesworth - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc

5. Which Right Realists' explanation is callled 'Broken windows' and why?

  • Jones - More crime when social control breaks down, incivilities (liter, vandalism) are kept low by others reaction, once that stops serious crime takes over - once one broken window in abandoned building, they all are
  • Wilson - More crime when social control breaks down, incivilities (liter, vandalism) are kept low by others reaction, once that stops serious crime takes over - once one broken window in abandoned building, they all are
  • Herrnstein - More crime when social control breaks down, incivilities (liter, vandalism) are kept low by others reaction, once that stops serious crime takes over - once one broken window in abandoned building, they all are

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